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Oxyrhabdium leporinum (GÜNTHER, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Oxyrhabdium leporinum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaCyclocoridae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesOxyrhabdium leporinum leporinum (GÜNTHER 1858)
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum LEVITON 1957 
Common NamesE: Günther's Philippine Shrub Snake 
SynonymRhabdosoma leporinum GÜNTHER 1858: 12
Stenognathus brevirostris PETERS 1872: 586
Rhabdosoma leporinum — GÜNTHER 1873
Oxyrhabdium leporinum — BOULENGER 1893: 303
Oxyrhabdium leporinum — BAUER et al. 1995: 74
Oxyrhabdium leporinum leporinum — MCLEOD et al. 2011
Oxyrhabdium leporinum leporinum — BROWN et al. 2013
Oxyrhabdium leporinum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 516
Oxyrhabdium leporinum — WEINELL et al. 2020

Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum LEVITON 1957
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum LEVITON 1957: 299
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum — GAULKE & OPERIANO 2006
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum — GAULKE 2011: 300
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum — GAULKE 2013
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum — SUPSUP et al. 2016
Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum — GAULKE 2019: 56 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Cebu, Negros, Panay)

visayanum: Cebu, Negros, Panay; Type locality: “Near the headwaters of Maite River, appr. 3,000 feet, Cuernos de Negros, Negros Oriental Province, Negros Island, Philippines”.

Type locality: “Philippinen” [Stenognathus brevirostris PETERS 1872]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.13.98
Syntypes: ZMB 7440 (2 specimens) [brevrostris]
Holotype: CAS 18907 (formerly SU) (Stanford University), adult male; paratypes: SU [visayanum] 
CommentDistribution: Reports from SE Mindanao are likely misidentifications (SUPSUP et al. 2017).

NCBI taxonomy ID: 2056560 [leporinum]
NCBI taxonomy ID: 336818 [visayanum] 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M.; C.H. Oliveros; C.D. Siler; J.B. Fernandez; L.J. Welton; P.A.C. Buenavente; M.L.L. Diesmos; A.C. Diesmos 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines), VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range. Check List 8(3):469-490 - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M.; McGuire, J.A.; Ferner,J.W.; Icarangal Jr., N. & Kennedy, R.S. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon island, II: preliminary report on the herptofauna of Aurora Memorial national Park, Philippines. Hamadryad 25 (2): 175-195
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Edition Chimaira, 390 pp.
  • Gaulke, M. 2013. Abenteuerurlaub auf den Philippinen. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (100): 114-125 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2019. Zur Schlangenfauna der philippinischen Insel Panay. Elaphe 2019 (2): 46-57
  • Gaulke, M. & Operiano, G. 2006. Oxyrhabdium leporinum visayanum - Gebänderte Philippinische Wühlschlange. Sauria 28 (3): 51-52 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • GOJO-CRUZ, Paul Henric P.; Leticia E. AFUANG, Juan Carlos T. GONZALEZ and William SM. GRUEZO 2018. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines: the Herpetofauna of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed, Nueva Ecija Province, Caraballo Mountain Range. Asian Herpetological Research 9(4): 201–223 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Günther,A. 1873. Notes on some reptiles and batrachians obtained by Dr. Bernhard Meyer in Celebes and the Philippine Islands. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1873: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1957. A review of the Philippine snakes of the genus Oxyrhabdium (Serpentes, Colubridae). Wasmann Journal of Biology 15 (2): 285–303 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1964. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. VI. The snakes of the genus Oxyrhabdion. Philippine J. Sci. 93: 407-422 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Cameron D. Siler, Jeffrey L. Weinell, and Rafe M. Brown 2018. Synopsis of the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (14): 399-568 - get paper here
  • MCLEOD, David S.; Cameron D. SILER, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Mae L. DIESMOS, Vhon S. GARCIA, Angela O. ARKONCEO, Kelvin L. BALAQUIT, Charlene C. UY, Mariden M. VILLASERAN, Earle C. YARRA, Rafe M. BROWN 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 177–198 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1872. Über drei neue Schlangenarten (Calamaria bitorques, Stenognathus brevirostris und Hemibungarus gemianulis) von den Philippinen. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1872 (Juli): 585-587 - get paper here
  • Relox, Richel E.; Emmanuel P. Leańo, and Fritzie B. Ates-Camino 2011. Herpetofaunal Endemism And Diversity in Tropical Forests of Mt. Hamiguitan in the Philippines. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 107−113 - get paper here
  • Supsup, Christian E.; Faith M. Guinto, Bernard R. Redoblado, Rai S. Gomez 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from the Mt. Hamiguitan Range of eastern Mindanao Island, Philippines: new distribution records. Check List 13 (3): 2121 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The snakes of the Philippine Islands. Manila (Bureau of Printing or Science), Monograph 16: 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinell, J. L., & Brown, R. M. 2017. Discovery of an old, archipelago-wide, endemic radiation of Philippine snakes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 119: 144–150 [2018] - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Daniel J. Paluh, Cameron D. Siler, Rafe M. Brown 2020. A New, Miniaturized Genus and Species of Snake (Cyclocoridae) from the Philippines. Copeia 108 (4): 907-923 - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
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