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Palleon lolontany (RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM, 1995)

IUCN Red List - Palleon lolontany - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae (Brookesiinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymBrookesia lolontany RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM 1995: 544
Brookesia lolontany — NECAS 1999: 277
Brookesia lolontany — TOWNSEND et al. 2009
Palleon lolontany — GLAW et al. 2013 
DistributionMadagascar (Tsaratanana Mt.)

Type locality: Matsabory Lake, Tsaratanana Mt., 2050 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 203629 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Brookesia without dorsolateral pointed tubercles on the body; a dorsal ridge (keel) on the body that is strongly convex; integumentary lobe on the snout tip; und a dorsal helmet that is strongly pointed posteriorly. Only one other species, Brookesia nasus, has a strongly convex dorsal body ridge. but this species can be readily separated from B. lolontany by the condition of the snout tip which has two pointed tubercles and of the helmet which is not pointed posteriorly. (Raxworthy & Nussbaum 1995) 
EtymologyNamed after the Malagasy name of the Tsaratanana mountain spirits that are believed to occupy the forests where the types were collected. 
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F., O. Hawlitschek & B. Ruthensteiner 2013. A new genus name for an ancient Malagasy chameleon clade and a PDF-embedded 3D model of its skeleton. Salamandra 49 (4): 237-238 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Raxworthy, C. J. & R. A. Nussbaum 1995. Systematics, speciation and biogeography of the dwarf chameleons (Brookesia; Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleontidae) of northern Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 235: 525-558. - get paper here
  • Townsend, T.M.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F. & Vences, M. 2009. Testing Species-Level Diversification Hypotheses in Madagascar: The Case of Microendemic Brookesia Leaf Chameleons. Systematic Biology 58 (6):641–656 - get paper here
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