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Panaspis annobonensis FUHN, 1972

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Annobon Lidless Skink 
SynonymPanaspis africana annobonensis FUHN 1972
Panaspis annobonensis — PERRET 1973: 605
Leptosiaphos annobonensis — HAFT 1993: 59
Afroablepharus annobonensis — JESUS et al. 2007
Panaspis annobonensis — MEDINA et al. 2016 
DistributionAnnobon Island

Type locality: “Ile Annobon, Golfe de Guinée”  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1964.0203 and paratypes MNHN-RA 1964.0102-0103, MNHN-RA 1964.0186-0188, MNHN-RA 1964.0190 and MNHN-RA 1964.0204 
DiagnosisP. annobonensis are small to medium-sized skinks (SVL 28–37.3 mm) with a robust smoothly tapered tail. Head wide and not much acuminate (HW /HL 60%), approximately 20% of SVL. Prefrontals separated or in contact. Supraciliaries separated or in contact, usually 5 and rarely 6; 4 supralabials anterior to subocular; wide subocular in direct contact with the lip and not reduced basally by the intrusion of adjacent supralabials. Midbody scale rows 24–27, paravertebral scales 52–59, and paraventral scales 25–40. Lamellae beneath the fourth finger 9–12, beneath the fourth toe 13–17. All examined specimens have faded colouration resulting from preservation, although some patterns are visible in all specimens, such as a well-marked dark subocular band and a black speckled throat. General colouration is orange-brown, with dorsal surfaces of the head being much more homogeneous than the other two species. A distinctive dark dorsolateral band starts near the tympanum and runs along the entire dorsum to the anterior half of the tail, with some irregular dark-brown lines in the dorsum, between the two dorsolateral bands. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Fuhn, I. E. 1972. Révision du Phylum forestier du genre Panaspis Cope (Reptilia, Scincidae, Lygosominae). Rev. roum. Biol., sér Zool., 17 (4): 257-271
  • Jesus, José; D. James Harris and António Brehm 2007. Relationships of Afroablepharus Greer, 1974 skinks from the Gulf of Guinea islands based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA: Patterns of colonization and comments on taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45 (3): 904-914 - get paper here
  • Medina, Maria F.; Aaron M. Bauer, William R. Branch, Andreas Schmitz, Werner Conradie, Zoltan T. Nagy, Toby J. Hibbitts, Raffael Ernst, Daniel M. Portik, Stuart V. Nielsen, Timothy J. Colston, Chifundera Kusamba, Mathias Behangana, Mark-Oliver Rödel, 2016. Molecular phylogeny of Panaspis and Afroablepharus skinks (Squamata: Scincidae) in the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 100: 409–423, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.026 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Soares, Leonor B.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco, Mariana P. Marques, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Lauren A. Scheinberg, D. James Harris, António Brehm & José Jesus 2018. Review of the leaf-litter skinks (Scincidae: Panaspis) from the Gulf of Guinea Oceanic Islands, with the description of a new species,. African Journal of Herpetology 67 (2): 132-159, DOI: 10.1080/21564574.2017.1413015 - get paper here
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