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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: São Tomé Leaf-litter Skink
Portuguese: Lagartixa da manta morta de São Tomé 
Mocoa africana — GRAY 1845: 83
Mocoa africana — GREEF 1884: 48
Mocoa africana — BOCAGE 1886: 68; 1889: 34
Mocoa africana — VIEIRA 1886: 237
Lygosoma africanum — BEDRIAGA 1892: 814
Lygosoma africanum — BOCAGE 1905: 92
Lygosoma africanum — BOULENGER 1906: 206
Lygosoma africanum — HENRIQUES 1917: 143
Lygodactylus [sic] africanus — HENRIQUES 1917: 81
Riopa africanum — SMITH 1937: 229
Leiolopisma africana — MITTLEMAN 1952: 10
Lygosoma africanum — MANAÇAS 1958: 185
Panaspis africana africana — FUHN 1972: 261
Panaspis africana — PERRET 1973: 605
Panaspis africana — SCHÄTTI & LOUMONT 1992: 29
Leptosiaphos africana — HAFT 1993: 59, 65
Afroablepharus africana — JESUS et al. 2007 
DistributionSão Tomé Island (including Rolas Islet and Santana Islet)

Type locality: on a trail between Bom Sucesso Botanical Garden and Lagoa Amélia (N: 0.28825, E: 6.608466; WGS-84), São Tomé Island, Republic of São Tomé e Príncipe  
TypesHolotype: MB = MUHNAC 03-000947, adult male collected by Luis Ceríaco and Mariana Marques on 15 February 2015 (Fig. 3). Paratypes: All specimens from the Island of São Tomé, Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. Eight specimens: MB 03-00948 and MB 03-00949, adult male, with the same collecting locality, collectors and date as the holotype; IICT 47-1954 adult male collected in Roça Monte Café (N: 0.30015, E: 6.63986; WGS-84) by Fernando Frade on 25 November 1954; IICT 50-1954, adult male collected in Roça Nova Moka (N: 0.28738, E: 6.63334; WGS-84) by Fernando Frade on 26 November 1954; MHNG 2496.11, adult female collected in Roça Monte Café (N: 0.30015, E: 6.63986; WGS-84) by Fernando Frade on 25 November 1954; MHNG 2540.63, adult unsexed collected in “São Tomé” (no precise locality) by Adolfo Moller on an unknown date (possibly 1885); CAS 219046 adult unsexed collected in trail between Bom Sucesso and Lagoa Amelia (N: 0.26800, E: 6.59131; WGS-84) by Robert C. Drewes, Ricka E. Stoelting and Jens V. Vindum on 14 April 2001; CAS 233693 adult unsexed collected in 0.8 km west (by road) from Abade (N: 0.25411, E: 6.64458; WGS-84) by Robert C. Drewes, J. Uyeda and Jens V. Vindum on 16 May 2006. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis—Panaspis thomensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from other Gulf of Guinea Oceanic Islands Panaspis by the following characteristics 1) preocular and prefrontal scales in contact; 2) a medium SVL (31.1–47.7 mm); 3) the limbs do not touch each other when adpressed to the body; 4) an high number of paraventral scales (37–64); 5) between 10 to 14 lamellae under the fourth toe and 7 to 10 under the fourth finger; 6) an orange- brown coloration on the body.
CommentSynonymy mainly after SOARES et al. 2018. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet “thomensis” refers to the Island of São Tomé and is applied here as a substantive in apposition. 
  • Ceríaco LMP, Parrinha D, Marques MP 2021. Saving collections: taxonomic revision of the herpetological collection of the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, Lisbon (Portugal) with a protocol to rescue abandoned collections. ZooKeys 1052: 85-156 - get paper here
  • Soares, Leonor B.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco, Mariana P. Marques, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Lauren A. Scheinberg, D. James Harris, António Brehm & José Jesus 2018. Review of the leaf-litter skinks (Scincidae: Panaspis) from the Gulf of Guinea Oceanic Islands, with the description of a new species,. African Journal of Herpetology 67 (2): 132-159, DOI: 10.1080/21564574.2017.1413015 - get paper here
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