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Pangshura tentoria (GRAY, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Pangshura tentoria - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
SubspeciesPangshura tentoria tentoria (GRAY 1834)
Pangshura tentoria circumdata (MERTENS 1969)
Pangshura tentoria flaviventer (GÜNTHER 1864) 
Common NamesE: Indian Tent Turtle
G: Ostindische Dachschildkröte
E: circumdata: Pink-ringed roofed turtle 
SynonymEmys tentoria GRAY 1834
Emys (Pangshura) tectum var. intermedia BLANFORD 1870
Pangshura leithii GRAY 1870
Pangshura tentoria — MURRAY 1886: 8
Kachuga intermedia — BOULENGER 1889
Kachuga tectum tentoria— SMITH 1931
Kachuga tentoria — KING & BURKE 1989
Pangshura tentoria — SPINKS et al. 2004
Batagur tentoria — LE et al. 2007
Pangshura tentoria — DAS et al. 2008
Kachuga tentoria — MURTHY 2010: 23
Pangshura tentoria tentoria — RHODIN et al. 2010

Pangshura tentoria circumdata MERTENS 1969
Kachuga tentoria circumdata — OBST 2003: 17
Pangshura tentoria circumdata — VYAS 2007
Kachuga tentoria circumdata — GOSNELL et al. 2009
Kachuga tentoria circumdata — MURTHY 2010: 23
Pangshura tentoria circumdata — RHODIN et al. 2010

Pangshura tentoria flaviventer (GÜNTHER 1864)
Pangshura flaviventer GÜNTHER 1864: 35
Kachuga tentoria flaviventer — OBST 2003: 17
Kachuga tentoria flaviventer — MURTHY 2010: 23
Pangshura tentoria flaviventer — RHODIN et al. 2010
Pangshura flaviventer — CHETRY 2010
Pangshura flaviventer — KÄSTLE et al. 2013 
DistributionPeninsular India (Assam etc.), Bangladesh

tentoria: India

circumdata: India (Gujarat ?)

flaviventer: Bangladesh, India, Nepal

Type locality: "in Indiae Orientalis regione Dukhun [=Deccan] dicta"; restricted by Smith 1931:128, to "Dhond, Poona Dist.," India.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.72.
Holotype: SMF 52793 [circumdata]
Holotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.82 [flaviventer] 
CommentSubspecies: circumdata is listed as subspecies of tecta in KING & BURKE 1989. Subspecies following DAS 1996.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein). Pangshura tentoria was historically reported from Tapi river, South Gujarat (Bhatt, 1989; Frazier and Das, 1994). However, these species haven't been reported since then, and vouchers would be needed to confirm their continued existence in the state, hence not listed for Gujarat by Patel & Vyas 2019.

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps) 
  • BANERJEE, K., AND A. DAS 2020. Geographic Distribution: Pangshura tentoria (Indian Tent Turtle). India: Jammu And Kashmir: Udhampur District. Herpetological Review. 51:536.
  • Barhadiya, Gaurav; Gautam Singh, Chirashree Ghosh, Shailendra Singh 2020. Nocturnal emergence of small freshwater turtles in temple ponds in Assam, India - A strategy to avoid aggression and predation by large softshells? IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (3): 426-427 - get paper here
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das,I. 1996. Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida
  • Dutta, S.K., M.V. Nair, P.P. Mohapatra and A.K. Mahapatra. 2009. Amphibians and reptiles of Similipal Biosphere Reserve. Regional Plant Resouce Centre, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gosnell, J. Stephen; Gabriel Rivera, and Richard W. Blob 2009. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Sexual Size Dimorphism in Turtles. Herpetologica 65 (1): 70-81 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1834. Characters of several new species of freshwater tortoises (Emys) from India and China. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1834: 53-55 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khadka, B.B. and Lamichhane, S. 2020. First distribution records of Pangshura tentoria, Chitra indica, and Nilssonia gangetica in the major rivers of Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Herpetology Notes 13: 157-159. - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; William P. McCord and John B. Iverson 2007. On the paraphyly of the genus Kachuga (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 398-404 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Murray, James A. 1886. The reptiles of Sind : a systematic account, with descriptions of all the species inhabiting the province, and a table of their geographical distribution in Persia, Beloochistan, Afghanistan, Punjab, North-west Provinces and the peninsula of India ge London : Richardson & Co - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Pritchard, P.C.H. 1979. Encyclopedia of Turtles. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune, New Jersey: 895 p.
  • Purkayastha, J. 2018. Urban biodiversity: an insight into the terrestrial vertebrate diversity of Guwahati, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(10): 12299–12316; - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Basumatary, Nilakshi Sarma, Nishant Chatterjee, Sachin Singha, Vishnupriya Nair, Arundhati Purkayastha, Jayashree Dutta, Madhurima Das 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rawat, Y.B., S. Bhattarai, L.P. Poudyal & N. Subedi 2020. Herpetofauna of Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(5): 15587–15611 - get paper here
  • Sengupta D et al. 2019. Assessment of the Reptilian Fauna in the Brahmaputra Plains of Two Districts in Assam, India. IRCF 26 (1): 65-67 - get paper here
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp. - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Shaffer, H. Bradley; Iverson, John B; McCord, William P. 2004. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the turtle family Geoemydidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32(1):164-182 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
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