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Papuascincus stanleyanus (BOULENGER, 1897)

IUCN Red List - Papuascincus stanleyanus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma stanleyanum BOULENGER 1897: 7
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) stanleyanum — SMITH 1937: 225
Scincella stanleyana — WOODRUFF 1972
Lobulia stanleyana — GREER 1974
Papuascincus stanleyanus — ALLISON & GREER 1986
Papuascincus stanleyanus — MYS 1988: 141
Papuascincus stanleyanus — ISKANDAR & ERDELEN 2006
Papuascincus stanleyanus — SLAVENKO et al. 2021 
DistributionIndonesia (Irian Jaya)

Type locality: Mount Victoria  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.10.82 (formerly 96.10.31.6), Mt Victoria, Owen Stanley Range, New Guinea, collected A.S. Anthony. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Medium-sized (adult SVL 36.3–67.8 mm) terrestrial skinks with short forelimbs (forelimbs 25.1– 38.9% of SVL) and moderately long hindlimbs (33.6– 49.6% of SVL); lobules present on anterior edge of ear opening; single pair of chin shields in medial contact; three supralabials posterior to subocular supralabial; chin shields abutting infralabials; lower eyelid with semi- transparent window; standard three-scale temporal region; nasal scale divided by a horizontal suture extending posteriorly from the nostril; frontoparietals fused; oviparous; clutch size two; pustulate egg shells.
Papuascincus differs from all other genera by having pustulate egg shells and a divided (vs. undivided) nasal scale. It further differs from Nubeoscincus, Prasinohaema and Lobulia by having one pair of chin shields in medial contact (vs. two pairs) and an oviparous (vs. viviparous) reproductive mode. It further differs from Nubeoscincus and Prasinohaema by having the standard three-scale temporal region (vs. fragmented temporal region) and the chin shields abutting the infralabials (vs. chin shields separated from infralabials by a row of genials). It further differs from Prasinohaema by lacking green blood serum and tissues (Greer, 1974), a prehensile tail with a glandular tip and basally expanded subdigital lamellae (Slavenko et al. 2021). 
CommentType species: Papuascincus stanleyanus is the type species of the genus Papuascincus ALLISON & GREER 1986.

Phylogenetics: Slavenkoe et al. 2020 found high diversity within this monophyletic group.

Type: not in BMNH (P. Campbell, pers. comm., 7 July 2014). 
References
  • Allison A; Greer A E 1986. Egg shells with pustulate surface structures: basis for a new genus of New Guinea skinks (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Journal of Herpetology 20 (1): 116-119 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1897. Descriptions of new lizards and frogs from Mount Victoria, Owen Stanley Range, New Guinea, collected by Mr A. S. Anthony. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 19: 6-13 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Slavenko, A., Tamar, K., Tallowin, O. J. S., Allison, A., Kraus, F., Carranza, S. and Meiri, S. 2020. Cryptic diversity and non-adaptive radiation of montane New Guinea skinks (Papuascincus; Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 146: 146: 106749 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Woodruff, D.S. 1972. Amphibians and reptiles from Simbai, Bismarck-Schrader Range, New Guinea. Mem. Nat. Mus. Vict. 33: 57-64 - get paper here
 
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