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Paradelma orientalis (GÜNTHER, 1876)

IUCN Red List - Paradelma orientalis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaPygopodidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Brigalow Scaly-foot 
SynonymDelma orientalis GÜNTHER 1876
Cryptodelma orientalis — BOULENGER 1885: 242
Paradelma orientalis — KINGHORN 1926
Paradelma orientalis — KLUGE 1974
Paradelma orientalis — COGGER 1983
Paradelma orientalis — KLUGE 1993
Paradelma orientalis — RÖSLER 1995: 89
Paradelma orientalis — COGGER 2000: 296
Pygopus orientalis — JENNINGS et al. 2003
Paradelma orientalis — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 188
Paradelma orientalis — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Paradelma orientalis — WILMER et al. 2020 
DistributionAustralia (SE Queensland)

Type locality: Peak Downs, Queensland.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.13.48 M, designated by Kluge (1974). 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (genus): Paradelma differs from all other pygopodid genera in possessing the following combination of character states: a) four or five loreal scales, b) five anterior orbital scales, c) four frontal scales, d) usually three interorbital scales, c) ventrals in males average 117.3, in females 123.5, f) almost always 18 midbody scale rows, g) body scales smooth, h) four preanal pores, i) two preanal scales, j) postnuchal band conspicuous (KLUGE 1974: 144). 
CommentLimb morphology: Limbless.

Taxonomy: Kluge 1976 and Jennings et al. 2003 have also placed the monotypic genus Paradelma within Pygopus.

Type species: Delma orientalis GÜNTHER 1876 is the type species of the genus Paradelma KINGHORN 1926. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich J.A., Couper, P.J., McDonald, K.R. 1998. Reptile diversity at risk in the Brigalow Belt, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42 (2): 475-486
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Günther, A. 1876. Descriptions of new species of reptiles from Australia collected by Hr. Dämel for the Godeffroy Museum. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 5 (12):45-47 - get paper here
  • Kluge, A. G. 1974. A taxonomic revision of the lizard family Pygopodidae. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, (147): 1-221. - get paper here
  • Kluge, Arnold G. 1976. Phylogenetic relationships in the lizard family Pygopodidae: an evaluation of theory, methods and data. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (152): 1-72 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Shea, G. M. 1987. Notes on the biology of Paradelma orientalis. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 17 (1-2): 5-6
  • Wilmer, J. W., Amey, A. P., McDougall, C., Venz, M., Peck, S. and Oliver, P. M. 2020. Comparative mitochondrial phylogeography of two legless lizards (Pygopodidae) from Queensland’s fragmented woodlands. Israel J Ecol Evol 66 (3-4): 142-150 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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