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Paralaudakia badakhshana (ANDERSON & LEVITON, 1969)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Badakhshana Rock Agama 
SynonymAgama badakhshana ANDERSON & LEVITON 1969: 33
Agama himalayana badakhshana — ANANJEVA et al. 1981
Stellio badakhshana — ANANJEVA et al. 1990: 108
Laudakia badakhshana — ANANJEVA & TUNIEV 1994
Laudakia badakhshana — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Paralaudakia (himalayana) badakhshana — BAIG et al. 2012: 233 
DistributionNE Afghanistan, N Pakistan (KHAN 2002), N India,
China (Xinjiang), SE Turkmenistan, eastward through Tajikistan to W Kyrgyzstan

Only in Afghanistan fide BAIG et al. 2012.

Type locality: Mazar-i-Sharif, northern Afghanistan, 36° 34’ N, 67° 05’ E, 457 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 161108 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Head and body depressed; tail longer than head and body; head scales smooth; caudal scales forming distinct annuli; 19-25 scales around tail at level of approximately fifth whorl; tympanum large, superficial; mid-dorsal enlarged scales smooth or faintly keeled, distinctly larger than ventrals; patch of enlarged mucronate scales on flanks, distinctly larger than ventral and dorsolateral scales, about equal to largest mid-dorsal scales; scales on dorsum of thigh very large and strongly keeled; mature males with large patch of callose abdominal scales (Anderson & Leviton 1969: 33).

Diagnosis (as Paralaudakia). Head and body depressed; tail not more than twice that of SVL; distinct patch of highly spinose scales on flanks and several groups of spinose scales on neck, shoulder and sides of head; three whorls of enlarged spinose scales in each segment; callous glands in both sexes [BAIG et al. 2012: 233]. 
CommentApparently not listed by DAS 1996 (Biogeogr.)

Distribution: The accuracy of the type locality has been questioned [BAIG 1992, BAIG et al. 2012]. 
  • Ananjeva N B; Peters G; Rzepakovsky V T 1981. New species of the mountain agamas from Tadjikistan, Agama chernovi sp. nov. TRUDY ZOOLOGICHESKOGO INSTITUTA AKADEMII NAUK SSSR 101 1981: 23-27
  • Ananjeva, N.B. & Tuniev 1994. Some aspects of historical biogeography of Asian rock agamids. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (1): 43 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N.B.; Peters,G.; Macey & Papenfuss, T. 1990. Stellio sacra (Smith 1935) - a distinct species of Asiatic rock agamid from Tibet. Asiatic Herpetological Research 3: 104-115 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S. C. & A. E. Leviton 1969. Amphibians and reptiles collected by the Street expedition to Afghanistan, 1965. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 37: 25-56 - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed; Philipp Wagner, Natalia B. Ananjeva & Wolfgang Böhme 2012. A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae). Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260 - get paper here
  • Baig,K.J. & Böhme,W. 1995. Partition of the Stellio-group of Agama. 8th Ord. Gen. Meet. Soc. Europ. Herpet.: 36
  • Jablonski D, Urošević A, Andjelković M, Džukić G 2019. An unknown collection of lizards from Afghanistan. ZooKeys 843: 129-147 - get paper here
  • Khan, B.; Ahmed, W.; Ablimit, A.; Fakhri, S.; Ali, H. 2012. Range extension of four highland agamid lizards in Shimshal Pamir, Pakistan. J. Arid Land 4 (1): 77-84 - get paper here
  • Khan, M. S. 2014. Herpetology of Pakistan FIELD GUIDE SERIES: Families Agamidae, Chamaeleonidae. Privately published, 39 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Marx, Hymen 1976. Supplementary catalogue of type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana: Zoology 69 (2): 33-94 - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Andrei V. Barabanov 2012. A Catalogue of the Agamid and Chamaeleonid Types in the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (2): 155-170 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
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