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Paralaudakia stoliczkana (BLANFORD, 1875)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesParalaudakia stoliczkana altaica (MUNKHBAYAR & SHAGDARSUREN 1970)
Paralaudakia stoliczkana stoliczkana (BLANFORD 1875) 
Common NamesE: Mongolia Rock Agama
Chinese: 新疆岩蜥 
SynonymStellio Stoliczkanus BLANFORD 1875: 191
Agama stoliczkana — BOULENGER 1885: 360
Agama tarimensis ZUGMAYER 1909 (fide PETERS 1971)
Agama stoliczkana — WERMUTH 1967: 25
Laudakia stoliczkana — MACEY et al. 2000
Paralaudakia stoliczkana stoliczkana — BAIG et al. 2012: 240

Paralaudakia stoliczkana altaica (MUNKHBAYAR & SHAGDARSUREN 1970)
Agama himalayana altaicus MUNKHBAYAR & SHAGDARSUREN 1970
Agama stoliczkana altaica PETERS 1971
Laudakia stoliczkana altaica — SHI & ZHAO 2008
Paralaudakia stoliczkana altaica — BAIG et al. 2012: 238 
DistributionChina (Xinjiang, Gansu), W Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan

stoliczkana: Mongolia, China (Kashgar, Tien-Shan and southern Gobi; Type locality: Plains of Eastern Turkestan.

altaica: Mongolia (Gobi Desert); Type locality: “Source of the Uliastai River, Bulgan-Som, Khovd-Aimak, southern side of the Altai Mts., Mongolia.” According to PETERS 1971 “Granitberge an der Nordseite des Tales des Uljastajn-gol (Zufluß des Bulgau) im Mongolischen Altai (46° 14’ N, 91° 35 E, 1400 m elevation) [=granite mountains on the northern side of Uljastajn-gol Valley, Mongolian Altai, Mongolia]”

tarimensis: Type locality: “Khotan [=Hotan or Chotan, China].”  
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 3813–15, ZSI 4205 (Das et al. 1998); The holotype (no. 611) was originally deposited at the herpetological laboratory of the “State University for Education of Mongolia”. Later it was transferred to the University of Tashkent in 1970 and is today most probably lost (pers. comm. Kh. MunKhBayar, March 2011). Moreover, there are two paratypes in the latter mentioned collection, one paratype in the collection of the “Zoological Museum of the Mongolian State University” and three paratypes in the biological collection of “School numer 33”. All remaining paratypes are still at the collection of the “State University for Education of Mongolia”. Currently, one of these paratypes was gratefully donated to the authors by Kh. MunKhBayar and is now present in collection of the Museum Koenig in Bonn (ZFMK 93007) (BAIG et al. 2012).
Holotype: ZMB 42359, "SW-Mongolei: 46°15' N/91 °35' E, Mongolischer Altai, N-Hänge am Uljastaju-gol, 1400 m, Einzugsgebiet des oberen Bulgan, auf Granitfelsen", leg. G. PETERS, 7. VII. 1964, don. II. Mongol.-Dtsch. Biol. Expedition; Paratypes: ZISP 16539.1, 16539.2, 2 specimens, “Gobi Altai: Cagan bogd” [Tsagan Bogdo mountain ridge, Bayanhongor aymag, Mongolia] Leg: A. G. Bannikov, 02.VIII.1943. — ZISP 16540, 1 specimen, “Gobi Altai: Oase Lamän-Toroi” [Lamnaryn-Toryn-Khuduk well, Bayanhongor aymag, Mongolia]. Leg: A. G. Bannikov, 07.VII.1943. — ZISP 16582.1 – 3, 3 specimens, “Gobi Altai: Altan uul” [Altan Ula mountain, Ömnögovi aymag, Mongolia]. Leg: J. Eglon, 1949; other paratypes in ZFMK ZIH, and Ulan Bator [altaica]
Syntypes: ZSM 19/1919, male, “Khotan” [= Hotan or Chotan, China], collected by E. Zugmayer, 05.- 06.1906; ZSM 314/1910/1-9, 9 specimens, same data as ZSM 19/1919 [tarimensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (as Paralaudakia). Head and body dorsolaterally depressed; head covered with smooth scales; nostril on edge of canthus rostralis; low spinose scales on the sides of head; vertebral enlarged scales smooth or weakly keeled; no patch of enlarged mucronate scales on flanks; tail segment consists of 4 complete whorls but not marked; callous glands present in males only at precloacal position [BAIG et al. 2012].

Diagnosis (as Paralaudakia). Differs from the nominate form mainly by having tail segment of 3 whorls; slightly less number of scales around tail and body; scales generally more carinated; relatively shorter hind-limbs; callous glands present in males only at the precloacal position but rarely females also display this character [BAIG et al. 2012]. 
CommentSynonymy: Both MUNKHBAYAR & SHAGDARSUREN 1970 and PETERS 1971 apparently described the subspecies altaica, hence PETERS’ name is a homonym as well as a synonym. 
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