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Parvoscincus beyeri (TAYLOR, 1922)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Beyer's Sphenomorphus 
SynonymSphenomorphus beyeri TAYLOR 1922
Sphenomorphus beyeri — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 154
Sphenomorphus beyeri — BROWN et al. 1996
Sphenomorphus beyeri — RELOX et al. 2011
Parvoscincus beyeri — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon)

Type locality: Mt. Banahao, Laguna Province, S Luzon; Quezon Province, Municipality of tayabas fide BROWN et al. 2010.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CAS 61183 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of Sphenomorphus, distin- guished by the following combination of characters: (1) body size large, sVL 57.8–72.9; (2) prefrontals moderate, separate; (3) frontoparietals fused; (4) labials 6–7; (5) large supraoculars 4; (6) paravertebrals 88–102; (7) midven- trals 38–43; (8) scales around midbody 38–42; (9) fourth toe lamellae 18–21; (10) dorsal coloration medium to dark brown with evenly-spaced round white spots, with or without a pair of wavy, black, dorsolateral stripes on trunk; (11) ventrolateral surfaces of neck and head brown or black with black labials, each with a white spot; (12) a prominent inverted acutely triangular marking present above forelimb insertion; and (13) ventrum bright gold- en-yellow in life [from BROWN et al. 2010].
CommentDistribution: Reports from SE Mindanao are likely misidentifications and most likely represent Sphenomorphus diwata (SUPSUP et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Henry Otley Beyer (1883-1966), an American ethnologist who spent much ofhis career in the Philippines. He was one ofthe founders ofthe Department of Anthropology, University of the Philippines (1914) and later head of that department (1925). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brown R M; Ferner J W; Ruedas L A 1995. A new species of lygosomine lizard (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae; Sphenomorphus) from Mt. Isarog, Luzon Island, Philippines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (1): 18-28 - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Ferner, John W.; Sison, Rogelio V.; Gonzales, Pedro C.; Kennedy, Robert S. 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of the Zambales Mountains of Luzon Island, Republic of the Philippines. Herpetological Natural History 4 (1): 1-22
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Brown,R.M. & Ferner,J.W. & Sison,R.V. 1995. Rediscovery and redescription of Sphenomorphus beyeri Taylor (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae) from the Zambales Mountains of Luzon, Philippines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (1): 6-17 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • GOJO-CRUZ, Paul Henric P.; Leticia E. AFUANG, Juan Carlos T. GONZALEZ and William SM. GRUEZO 2018. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines: the Herpetofauna of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed, Nueva Ecija Province, Caraballo Mountain Range. Asian Herpetological Research 9(4): 201–223 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Relox, Richel E.; Emmanuel P. Leańo, and Fritzie B. Ates-Camino 2011. Herpetofaunal Endemism And Diversity in Tropical Forests of Mt. Hamiguitan in the Philippines. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 107−113 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1922. Additions to the herpetological fauna of the Philippine Islands, II. Philippine Journal of Science 21: 257-303 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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