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Parvoscincus igorotorum (BROWN, LINKEM, DIESMOS, BALETE, DUYA & FERNER, 2010)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Igorot Cordillera Mountains skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus igorotorum BROWN, LINKEM, DIESMOS, BALETE, DUYA & FERNER 2010
Parvoscincus igorotorum — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon)

Type locality: at 1400 m elevation in area known locally as “Mapga,” (N: 17.442°; E: 121.075), Balbalan-Balbalasang National Park, Barangay Balbalasang, Municipality of Balbalan, Kalinga Province, Luzon Island, Philippines.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PNM 9623 (formerly FMNH 259445; Field number: RMB 3169), collected by RMB, 14 March 2001. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of Sphenomorphus, distin- guished by the following combination of characters: (1) body size small, sVL 51.9 mm, 57.5; (2) prefrontals mod- erate, separate; (3) frontoparietals fused; (4) labials 7–9; (5) large supraoculars 4; (6) paravertebrals 98, 106; (7) midventrals 51, 52; (8) scales around midbody 44, 45; (9) fourth toe lamellae 20; (10) dorsal coloration medium brown with a thin series of black, elongate, vertebral spots and indistinct white spots along medial margins of dark, wavy, dorsolateral bands on head, neck, and trunk; (11) dorsolateral surfaces of head dark brown, with black bar running across snout, through eye, auricular open- ing, and onto neck; ventrolateral surfaces of neck and head immaculate tan (deep orange in life); (12) triangular marking above forelimb absent; and (13) ventrum deep orange in life.
CommentSVL: ca. 55 mm

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymology“We are pleased to name this distinctive new northern Cordillera endemic skink for the dominant indigenous peoples group of the area: the Igorot (including the enthno-linguistic groups of the Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg, Kalinga, and the Kankana-ey). Igorots are distinguished by a tradition of fierce self-determination, warrior-like dispositions, a tradition of head hunting, and a history of armed resistance against invading forces seeking to control or exploit their forested homelands. never conquered by colonialists, Igorots fought spanish hegemony for 325 years and have subsequently resisted, Japanese, American, and Philippine government subjugation for the last 110 years.” 
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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