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Pedioplanis lineoocellata (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPedioplanis lineoocellata inocellata (MERTENS 1955)
Pedioplanis lineoocellata lineoocellata (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839)
Pedioplanis lineoocellata pulchella (GRAY 1845) 
Common NamesE: Spotted Sand Lizard, Ocellated Sand Lizard [lineoocellata]
E: Common Sand Lizard [pulchella] 
SynonymEremias lineo-ocellata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 314
Eremias aspera BOULENGER 1917: 217
Eremias aspera BOULENGER 1921: 299
Eremias lineo-ocellata — LOVERIDGE 1936: 62
Eremias lineo-ocellata — FITZSIMONS 1943: 338
Eremias lineo-ocellata — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Eremias lineo-ocellata — PIANKA 1969
Eremias lineoocellata — MERTENS 1971
Pedioplanis lineoocellata — ARNOLD 1986
Pedioplanis lineoocellata lineoocellata — AUERBACH 1987: 129
Mesalina lineo-ocellata lineo-ocellata — SZCZERBAK 1989
Pedioplanis lineoocellata lineoocellata — MAYER 1989
Pedioplanis lineoocellata — BAUER & BRANCH 2003
Pedioplanis lineoocellata — MAKOKHA et al. 2007
Pedioplanis lineoocellata — SCHLEICHER 2020

Pedioplanis lineoocellata inocellata (MERTENS 1955)
Mesalina lineo-ocellata inocellata — SZCZERBAK 1989
Pedioplanis lineoocellata inocellata — MAYER 1989
Pedioplanis lineoocellata inocellata — BISCHOFF 1991
Pedioplanis lineoocellata inocellata — BATES et al. 2014: 175

Pedioplanis lineoocellata pulchella (GRAY 1845)
Eremias pulchella GRAY 1845: 42
Eremias annulifera SMITH 1845
Eremias Formosa SMITH 1845
Eremias pulchra SMITH 1845
Eremias pulchella — MÜLLER 1880
Eremias lineoocellata pulchella — FITZSIMONS 1943: 341
Mesalina lineo-ocellata pulchella — SZCZERBAK 1989
Pedioplanis lineoocellata pulchella — MAYER 1989
Pedioplanis lineoocellata pulchella — BISCHOFF 1991
Pedioplanis pulchella — HERRMANN & BRANCH 2013
Pedioplanis lineoocellata pulchella — BATES et al. 2014: 175 
DistributionNamibia, Botswana, N South Africa (without the east, S/W Cape province), SW Namibia

Type locality: South Africa

inocellata: Namibia; Type locality: between Bay of Lüderitz and Aus, Great Namaqualand.

pulchella: Namibia; Great Namaqualand, extending south through Little Namaqualand to the western Cape Province and east across the central and southern karroid areas to the eastern Cape Province [from FITZSIMONS 1943]. Type locality: South Africa.  
TypesTypes: BMNH
Holotype: SMF 13893, famale [inocellata]
Type: BMNH: 1946.8.7.36 (type of Eremias pulchra, GRAY 1845) [pulchra] 
CommentBauer and Branch (2001) suggested that lineoocellata and inocellata should
be elevated to full species given that they are allopatric and exhibit substantial morphological and ecological differences. The nominate race has slightly overlapping and keeled scales on the back that are smaller than those on the forelimbs, whereas P. l. pulchella has smooth, juxtaposed scales on the dorsum that are comparable in size to those of the forelimb, which are not overlapping and
smooth on the back. Specimens from Lüderitz Bay in Namibia are sometimes treated as a third subspecies, P. l. inocellata (Mertens, 1955), named for its dull, dark gray body (occasionally with four faint dorsal stripes) and lack of large flank spots (Branch, 1998).

MAKOKHA et al. (2007) found that lineoocellata and pulchella are nested within each other based on DNA phylogeny.

Synonymy: partly after FITZSIMONS 1943. 
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  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
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