Pelturagonia cephalum (MOCQUARD, 1890)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pelturagonia cephalum?
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Mocquard's Eyebrow Lizard|
|Synonym||Pelturagonia cephalum MOCQUARD 1890: 130|
Japalura nigrilabris DE ROOIJ 1915 (non PETERS 1864)
Phoxophrys cephalum — INGER 1960: 223
Phoxophrys cephalum — WERMUTH 1967: 74
Phoxophrys cephalum — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 196
Phoxophrys cephalum — MALKMUS et al. 2002: 248
Phoxophrys cephalum — MANTHEY 2010
Phoxophrys cephalum — MANTHEY & DENZER 2019
Pelturagonia cephalum — HARVEY et al. 2019
|Distribution||Indonesia (Borneo, Sabah), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)|
Type locality: Kina Balu.
|Types||Syntypes: MNHN-RA 1889.0170-0171|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (genus): Medium-sized draconine agamids reaching a SVL of at least 84 mm and distinguished from all other Agamidae by the following combination of characters: (1) tympanum and external auditory meatus absent, extrastapes attaching to skin; (2) head robust, 77.5–98.3% as wide as long, comprising 22.5–28.4% of SVL; (3) rostral vertically divided into two or more scales; (4) prominent tubercular scale positioned below corner of jaw; (5) pair of dorsolateral caudal crests, not separated medially by vertebral crest; (6) dorsal scales heterogenous with larger tubercular scales interspersed among smaller-keeled scales, 81–115 scales around midbody; (7) alveolar portion of premaxilla relatively narrow, usually with single tooth and with premaxillary processes of mandible suturing or fusing over top of it; (8) frontal and parietal extensively sculptured, not containing pineal foramen; (9) conch of quadrate rudimentary, with wide dorsolateral triangular portion; (10) angular process of mandible large, tab-like, and vertically developed.|
|Comment||Synonymy: BOULENGER (1891) synonymized Pelturagonia cephalum with Japalura nigrilabris.|
Type species: Pelturagonia cephalum MOCQUARD 1890: 130 is the type species of the genus Pelturagonia MOCQUARD 1890. Pelturagonia was considered a synonym of Phoxophrys for decades but has been revalidated by Harvey et al. 2019.
Key: Harvey et al. 2019 provide a dichotomous key and character table (Table 1) to the species of Pelturagonia.
|Etymology||Explaining the derivation of his new name, Mocquard (1890:130) described the distinctive angled aspect of the caudal crests and remarked ‘‘pour cette raison, nous imposons le nom générique de Pelturagonia.’’ Pelturagonia is a feminine Latin noun in the nominative singular derived from the feminine Greek words pelte meaning shield and gonia meaning angle.|
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