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Phelsuma dubia (BOETTGER, 1881)

IUCN Red List - Phelsuma dubia - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Zanzibar Day Gecko 
SynonymPachydactylus dubius BOETTGER 1881
Phelsuma dubius — BOULENGER 1885: 215
Phelsuma dubia — MERTENS 1962: 93
Phelsuma dubia — KLUGE 1993
Phelsuma dubia — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 298
Phelsuma dubia — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 10
Phelsuma dubia — RÖSLER 2000: 101
Phelsuma dubia — BERGHOF 2005: 71
Phelsuma dubia — HALLMANN et al. 2008: 106
Phelsuma dubia — GLAW & RÖSLER 2015
Phelsuma dubia — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 123 
DistributionMadagascar, Tanzania, Kenya, Comores (Mayotte, Grande Comore = Comoro Island, Anjouan, Moheli), Nossi Be = Nosy Bé, (Majunga), Nosy Komba, Zanzibar, Mozambique Island

Type locality: Madagascar  
TypesNeotype: SMF 9458, female, designated by Mertens 1967: 56; syntype: Überseemuseum Bremen, No. 954; 
CommentMember of the Phelsuma dubia (phenetic) group (GLAW, VENCES & ZIEGLER 1999). 
EtymologyThe original describer, O. Boettger considered the generic allocation (to Pachydactylus) as “dubious” and thus named the species accordingly. 
  • ANDREONE F., F. GLAW, R. A. NUSSBAUM, C. J. RAXWORTHY, M. VENCES, and J. E. RANDRIANIRINA 2003. The amphibians and reptiles of Nosy Be (NW Madagascar) and nearby islands: a case study of diversity and conservation of an insular fauna. Journal of Natural History 37 (17): 2119–2149 - get paper here
  • Augros, S., M. D. Scherz, C. Y. Wang-Claypool, L. Montfort, F. Glaw & O. Hawlitschek 2018. Comparative perch heights and habitat plant usage of day geckos (Phelsuma) in the Comoros Archipelago (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 54 (1): 71-74 - get paper here
  • Augros, Stephane; Pierre-Yves Fabulet & Oliver Hawlitschek 2017. First report of the co-existence of the three endemic Phelsuma species of Mayotte Island (Indian Ocean) in anthropogenic habitats. Herpetological Bulletin (140): - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2005. Taggeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.P. 2010. Die Taggeckos der Gattung Phelsuma von der Komoreninsel Mayotte. Draco 11 (43): 60-64 - get paper here
  • Berghof, Hans-Peter 2001. Neue Angaben zum Verbreitungsgebiet von Phelsuma dubia (BOETTGER 1881) sowie einige Bemerkungen zu Phelsuma hielscheri RÖSLER, OBST & SEIPP 2001. Herpetofauna 23 (133): 11-18 - get paper here
  • Berghof, P. 2014. Phelsumenhaltung im Terrarium. Eine Erfolgsstory? Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 18-26
  • Boettger, O. 1881. Diagnoses reptilium et batrachiorum novorum ab ill. Dr. Christ. Rutenberg in insula Madagascar collectorum. Zool. Anz. 4: 46—48 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1987. Geographical Distribution - Phelsuma dubia dubia. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (33): 29-29 - get paper here
  • Carretero, M.A.; Harris, J.D. & Rocha, S. 2005. Recent observation of reptiles in the Comoro islands (Western Indian Ocean). Herpetological Bulletin (91): 19-28
  • Forsberg, M. 2004. Phelsuma dubia - captive care of the forgotten day gecko. Reptilia (GB) (36): 43-47 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Glaw, Frank, Miguel Vences and Thomas Ziegler. 1999. Bemerkungen zu Phelsuma dubia (Boettger, 1881): Wiederentdeckung des Holotypus, Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen und Daten zur Fortpflanzung. Salamandra 35 (4): 267-278 - get paper here
  • Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp. - get paper here
  • Hawlitschek, O., Brückmann, B. and Glaw, F. 2017. Causal or spurious relationship? Climate and the distribution of Phelsuma geckos on Grand Comoro Island. Afr. J. Ecol.. doi:10.1111/aje.12380 - get paper here
  • Hawlitschek, Oliver; Boris Brückmann, Johannes Berger, Katie Green, Frank Glaw 2011. Integrating field surveys and remote sensing data to study distribution, habitat use and conservation status of the herpetofauna of the Comoro Islands. ZooKeys 144: 21-79 - get paper here
  • Heygen, E.v. 2004. The genus Phelsuma GRAY, 1825 on the Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Phelsuma 12: 99-117
  • Hyde-Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Krause, Peter 2006. Der Palmen-Taggecko, Phelsuma dubia. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Meier H 1980. Zur Taxonomie und Okologie der Gattung Phelsuma (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) auf den Komoren, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 31 (3-4): 323-332 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. 1982. Ergebnisse zur Taxonomie und Ökologie einiger Arten und Unterarten der Gattung Phelsuma auf Madagaskar, gesammelt in den Jahren 1972 bis 1981, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Form (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 18 (3-4): 168—190 - get paper here
  • Meirte,D. 1999. In: Louette,M., La faune terrestre de Mayotte. Annales Sciences Zoologiques, Musée Royal de l’Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgique 284: 247 pp.
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1973. Der typische Fundort von Phelsuma dubia (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Salamandra 9 (2): 75-77 - get paper here
  • Mertens,R. 1962. Die Arten und Unterarten der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 43: 81-127
  • Raxworthy, C. J.; Ingram, Rabibisoa & Pearson 2007. Applications of Ecological Niche Modeling for Species Delimitation: A Review and Empirical Evaluation Using Day Geckos (Phelsuma) from Madagascar. Systematic Biology 56: 907 - 923 - get paper here
  • Rocha, Sara; David Posada, Miguel A. Carretero and D. James Harris 2007. Phylogenetic affinities of Comoroan and East African day geckos (genus Phelsuma): Multiple natural colonisations, introductions and island radiations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (2): 685-692 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, SARA; HERBERT RÖSLER, PHILIP-SEBASTIAN GEHRING, FRANK GLAW, DAVID POSADA, D. JAMES HARRIS & MIGUEL VENCES 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. & Henkel, F.W. 2002. Are pygopods just legless geckos? Evidence from retinal structures. Salamandra 38 (2): 73-84 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • RÖSLER, H. 2020. Hommage an Murk van Phelsum. Sauria 42 (2): 3-27
  • Rösler, Herbert 2001. Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 47-73
  • Schönecker, P. & Schönecker, S. 2010. Phelsumensuche in Madagaskar - empfehlenswerte Ziele für Naturerlebnisse mit Taggeckos. Draco 11 (43): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
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