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Phelsuma guentheri BOULENGER, 1885

IUCN Red List - Phelsuma guentheri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Round lsland Day Gecko 
SynonymPhelsuma guentheri BOULENGER 1885: 213
Phelsuma guentheri — MERTENS 1962: 96
Phelsuma guentheri — KLUGE 1993
Phelsuma guentheri — RÖSLER 1995: 141
Phelsuma guentheri — BERGHOF 2005: 112
Phelsuma guentheri — HALLMANN et al. 2008: 119
Phelsuma guentheri — GLAW & RÖSLER 2015 
DistributionMascarene Islands: Mauritius (Round Island)

Type locality: Round Island.  
Reproductionoviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesHolotype: BMNH (presumed, status unclear fide P. Campbell, pers. comm., March 2019). 
CommentConservation: From Mauritius proper only fossils are known.

Behavior: Secondarily nocturnal “day” gecko with a vertically elliptical pupil. 
EtymologyNamed after Albert Günther (1830-1914), German-born zoologist at the British Museum. 
  • Austin, J.J.; E. N. Arnold and C. G. Jones 2004. Reconstructing an island radiation using ancient and recent DNA: the extinct and living day geckos (Phelsuma) of the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 (1): 109-122 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2005. Taggeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Berghof, P. 2014. Phelsumenhaltung im Terrarium. Eine Erfolgsstory? Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 18-26
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Budzinski, S. & Budzinski, R.M. 2010. Taggeckos der Insel Mauritius. Draco 11 (43): 45-52 - get paper here
  • Bullock, David J. 1986. The Ecology and Conservation of Reptiles on Round Island and Gunner's Quoin, Mauritius. Biological Conservation 37: 135 156 - get paper here
  • Cornejo-Páramo, P., Lira-Noriega, A., Ramírez-Suástegui, C. et al. 2020. Sex determination systems in reptiles are related to ambient temperature but not to the level of climatic fluctuation. BMC Evol Biol 20: 103 - get paper here
  • Garbutt, Nick 1993. The Round Island gecko: A most unusual Phelsuma. Dactylus 1 (4): 17-21
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1963. The geckos of the genus Phelsuma on Mauritius and adjacent islands. Mauritius Institute Bulletin, 5:299—305.
  • Mertens,R. 1962. Die Arten und Unterarten der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 43: 81-127
  • ROCHA, SARA; HERBERT RÖSLER, PHILIP-SEBASTIAN GEHRING, FRANK GLAW, DAVID POSADA, D. JAMES HARRIS & MIGUEL VENCES 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Roesch, M. A., Hansen, D. M., & Cole, N. C. 2021. Understanding demographic limiting factors to species recovery: Nest-site suitability and breeding ecology of Phelsuma guentheri on Round Island, Mauritius. Global Ecology and Conservation, e01761 - get paper here
  • ROESCH, MARKUS ANDRÉ; ROUBEN MOOTOOCURPEN & NIK C. COLE. 2022. Size precision, difference and record of Günther’s Gecko, Phelsuma guentheri (Squamata: Gekkonidae), in Mauritius. Herpetology Notes 15: 513–517. - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 2001. Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 47-73
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