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Phelsuma parkeri LOVERIDGE, 1941

IUCN Red List - Phelsuma parkeri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Parker's Day Gecko 
SynonymPhelsuma madagascariensis parkeri LOVERIDGE 1941: 175
Phelsuma parkeri — MERTENS 1963
Phelsuma abbotti parkeri — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 10
Phelsuma parkeri — KLUGE 1993
Phelsuma parkeri — RÖSLER 2000: 103
Phelsuma parkeri — BERGHOF 2005: 117
Phelsuma parkeri — HALLMANN et al. 2008: 177
Phelsuma parkeri — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 122 
DistributionTanzania, Pemba Island, Kinowe

Type locality: Kinowe, Pemba Island, Tanzania.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-46086 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Agrees with madagascariensis Gray in proportions and scale counts, but differs in color pattern. (Loveridge 1941: 175)

Description. (Paratype variations in parenthesis.) Snout (1⅔ to) 2 times as long as the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, vertical diameter of the latter (¾ of, or) equal to, that of the former; rostral without (rarely with) a median cleft above; centre of nostril above the first labial; nostril between first labial and 3 nasals, the uppermost separated from its fellow by 1 (rarely 2) granule; upper labials 9 (8-10); lower labials 8 (7-9); chin region covered with enlarged scales of which the 4-5 outer pairs are much larger than the inner, the latter posteriorly merging into the
gulars. Back covered with smooth granules; ventral scales smooth; (male paratypes with 32-36 preano-femoral pores); about 16-17 transverse shields and lamellae beneath fourth toe distally; tail, when unregenerate, covered above with smooth scales arranged in verticils of 6-7 scales, below with smooth, imbricate scales, of which the median series is strongly transversely enlarged. (Loveridge 1941: 175)

Coloration. In alcohol. Above, bluish grey (green in life), finely vermiculate with black on back and limbs; tail paler and uniform. Below. whitish, immaculate, even on throat. (Loveridge 1941: 176)

Measurements. Total length of type female, 148 (65 + 83) mm., that of a paratype male, 148 + (65 + 83+) mm., the tail in process of regeneration. (Loveridge 1941: 176)

Description: Loveridge 1947: 299. 
CommentMax. length: 160 mm. 
EtymologyNamed after herpetologist H.W. Parker. 
  • Austin, J.J.; E. N. Arnold and C. G. Jones 2004. Reconstructing an island radiation using ancient and recent DNA: the extinct and living day geckos (Phelsuma) of the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 (1): 109-122 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2005. Taggeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp. - get paper here
  • Hawlitschek, O., Ramírez Garrido, S. and Glaw, F. 2017. How marine currents influenced the widespread natural overseas dispersal of reptiles in the Western Indian Ocean region. J. Biogeogr., 44: 1435–1440. doi:10.1111/jbi.12940 - get paper here
  • Hawlitschek, O.; F. Glaw & D. Rödder 2012. Pemba – Herpetologische Fundgrube im Indischen Ozean. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 97-109 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1941. New Geckos (Phelsuma and Lygodactylus), Snake (Lepotyphlops) and Frog (Phrynobarachits) from Pemba Island, East Africa. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 54 (8): 175-178 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. & W. BÖHME 1996. Zum taxonomischen Status des Formenkreises von Phelsuma abbotti STEJNEGER, 1893, mit Bemerkungen über P. masohoala RAXWORTHY & NUSSBAUM, 1994. Salamandra 32 (2): 85-98 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, SARA; HERBERT RÖSLER, PHILIP-SEBASTIAN GEHRING, FRANK GLAW, DAVID POSADA, D. JAMES HARRIS & MIGUEL VENCES 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 2001. Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 47-73
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
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