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Phelsuma punctulata MERTENS, 1970

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Striped Day Gecko
G: Streifentaggecko 
SynonymPhelsuma lineata punctulata MERTENS 1970: 3
Phelsuma lineata punctulata — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 295
Phelsuma lineata punctulata — BERGHOF 2005: 75
Phelsuma lineata punctulata — ANDERS 2008
Phelsuma lineata punctulata — HALLMANN et al. 2008: 151
Phelsuma lineata punctulata — GLAW & RÖSLER 2015
Phelsuma punctulata — GEHRING et al. 2022 
DistributionN Madagascar

Type locality: Madagascar, Tsaratanana mountain massif.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 65500 
DiagnosisOriginal Diagnosis: “Eine mittelgroße Rasse (Kopf und Rumpf 55 mm), Pholidose
wie bei der Nominatrasse, auch die Färbung, doch die Dorsalzeichnung abweichend: keine markanten roten Dorsalflecken, stattdessen eine feine schwärzliche Punktierung auf dem ganzen Rücken. Ein heller Seitenstreifen vorhanden, der oben und unten von einem dunklen umsäumt wird.” (Mertens 1970)

Coloration in life: P. punctulata has a shiny dark green metallic scaling and can appear completely black depending on the angle of view. The head and nape of the neck have fine red dots. From the nose opening a red line runs under the eye to the ear opening. Dorsally the animals show a red, partly also black dotted pattern. The upper side of the tail shows a weak, dark marbling. A white lateral band runs from the tip of the snout to the rear extremities. Above this is another black lateral band, starting at the forelimbs and running to just behind the hindlimbs. A gray lateral line runs below the white lateral band from the tip of the snout to the base of the tail. The underside is coloured white. Upon examination in 2021 the male holotype (SMF 65500, Fig. 3) of Phelsuma l. punctulata, shows the general colour pattern as described above, although the green and red colours are faded. (Gehring et al. 2022)

Short description of the holotype (SMF 65500): SVL 57.3 mm; TL 117.8; 8/7 supralabials on the left and right side of the head; 8/6 infralabials; 1 internasal; nostril in contact with rostral and first supralabial; 25 preanofemoral pores; mental triangle-shaped; dorsals, ventrals, and subcaudals keeled. (Gehring et al. 2022)

Detailed description: Mertens 1970 and Rösler & Ineich 2010 
CommentSpecies grup: Member of the Phelsuma lineata (phenetic) group (GLAW, VENCES & ZIEGLER 1999).

Synonymy. Recently, chloroscelis and bifasciata have been suggested to be synonyms of P. lineata (Hallmann, cited in ANDERS 2008). 
EtymologyNamed after the punctate pattern on the dorsal side. 
  • Anders, Ulrike 2008. Der Streifentaggecko Phelsuma lineata. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2005. Taggeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Gehring, Philip-Sebastian; Jary H. Razafindraibe, Miguel Vences & Frank Glaw 2022. Day geckos (Phelsuma) in northern Madagascar: first step to resolve a paradoxical case of mitochondrial paraphyly and morphological differentiation. SALAMANDRA 58(2): 83–100 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens,R. 1970. Neues über einige Taxa der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 51: 1-13
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