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Phisalixella arctifasciata (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Phisalixella arctifasciata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPseudoxyrhophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymHeterurus arctifasciatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1176
Heterurus arctifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1859: 228
Lycodryas arctifasciatus
Stenophis arctifasciatus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 346
Stenophis (Phisalixella) jaosoloa DOMERGUE 1994 (fide VENCES et al. 2004)
Stenophis (Phisalixella) arctifasciatus — DOMERGUE 1995
Stenophis (Phisalixella) iarakaensis DOMERGUE 1995
Phisalixella arctifasciata — NAGY et al. 2010
Phisalixella iarakaensis — NAGY et al. 2010
Stenophis iarakaensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 674
Stenophis arctifasciataus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 674 

Type locality: Madagascar

iarakaensis: Madagascar; Type locality: “Iaraka (Maroantsetra)”  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 3870
Holotype: MNHN 1988.0323, not 1988.360 fide I. Ineich, pers. comm. 28 Aug 2018 [Stenophis jaosoloa DOMERGUE 1994]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 1988.0320 [iarakaensis] 
CommentSynonymy: Burbrink et al. 2019 considered iarakaensis as a synonym of arctifasciata, based on the fact that “the one known Phisalixella iarakaensis specimen is sympatric with P. arctifasciata, and identical in all respects except an additional scale row on each body flank. However, as dorsal scale row variation is common in other Phisalixella species, we thus consider this to represent intraspecific variation.”

Type species: Heterurus arctifasciatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854 is the type species of the genus Phisalixella Domergue, 1995.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622
  • Baert, Peter 2015. Tagebuch einer Reise in den Osten Madagaskars. Zu Besuch im Marojejy-Nationalpark und im Naturschutzgebiet Betampona. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (5): 46-52 - get paper here
  • Domergue, C. A. 1995. Serpents de Madagascar: Note liminaire sur des espèces nouvelles du genre Stenophis Boulenger, 1896 (Colubridae: Boiginae). Archives de l'Institut Pasteur de Madagascar 61 (2): 121-122 [1994]
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Günther,A. 1859. On the geographical distribution of reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 3: 221-237 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z. T., Glaw, F. & Vences, M. 2010. Systematics of the snake genera Stenophis and Lycodryas from Madagascar and the Comoros. Zoologica Scripta 39, 426–435 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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