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Pholidobolus montium (PETERS, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Pholidobolus montium - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mountain Pholiodobolus
S: Lagartija de jardines de Quito 
SynonymEcpleopus (Pholidobolus) montium PETERS 1863: 196
Pholidobolus montium — BOULENGER 1885: 403
Pholidobolus montium — BAUER et al. 1995: 57
Pholidobolus montium — CASTOE et al. 2004 
DistributionEcuador, Colombia (elevation 8500-11000 feet).

Type locality: “Hochgebirge von Eucador” and “Quito” [Ecuador]; restricted to “Hochgebirge von Eucador” by designation of the lectotype.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 900; designated by BAUER & GÜNTHER 1991. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): see Montanucci 1973: 31. Note, however, that “Morphological diagnostic apomorphies of Pholidobolus, as conceptualized here, are currently unclear. In contrast to Macropholidus (see Comments on that taxon), members of Pholidobolus lack a transparent palpebral disc in the lower eyelid and have a lateral fold between fore and hind limbs; however, the polartiy of these characters remains to be established.” (TORRES-CARVAJAL & MAFLA-ENDARA 2013). 
CommentSpecimens: A specimen from Leiden was mentioned in the description but not found in the RMNH collection (fide BAUER et al. 1995).

Type species: Ecpleopus (Pholidobolus) montium PETERS 1863 is the type species of the genus Pholidobolus PETERS 1863. 
  • Bauer, A.M. & Günther,R. 1991. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Zoological Museum , Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 67: 279-310 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1891. Reptilia & Batrachia. in Whympe r, Edward. Supplementary Appendix to Travels amongst the Great Andes of the Equator. pp. 128-136. London, John Murray, 147 pp.
  • Brauer, P. 1980. Pholidobulus montium - Ein Zwergteju aus Ecuador. Sauria 2 (2): 13-14 - get paper here
  • Carrera, C. et al. 2009. Guía de Campo de los Pequeños Vertebrados del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito (DMQ). Publicación Miscelánea N° 5. Serie de Publicaciones del Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales (MECN) – Fondo Ambiental del MDMQ. 1-89 pp. Imprenta Nuevo Arte. Quito-Ecuador.
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Hillis, D. M.; Simmons, J. E. 1986. Dynamic change of a zone of parapatry between two species of Pholidobolus (Sauria: Gymnophthalmidae). Journal of Herpetology 20 (1): 85-87 - get paper here
  • Hurtado-Gómez, Juan P.; Juan C. Arredondo, Pedro M. Sales-Nunes and Juan M. Daza 2018. A New Species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Paramo Ecosystem in the Northern Andes of Colombia. South American Journal of Herpetology 13 (3): 271–286 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. 1862. Über Cercosaura und die mit dieser Gattung verwandten Eidechsen aus Südamerika. Abh. Berlin Akad. 1862: 165-225
  • Reeder, T. W. 1996. A new species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Huancabamba depression of northern Peru. Herpetologica 52 (2): 282-289. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Venegas PJ, Lobos SE, Mafla-Endara P, Sales-Nunes PM. 2014. A new species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Andes of southern Ecuador. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (1) [Special Section]: 76–88 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Paola Mafla-Endara 2013. Evolutionary history of Andean Pholidobolus and Macropholidus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (2): 212–217 - get paper here
  • Venegas PJ, Echevarría LY, Lobos SE, Sales-Nunes PM, and Torres-Carvajal O. 2016. A new species of Andean microteiid lizard (Gymnophthalmidae: Cercosaurinae: Pholidobolus) from Peru, with comments on P. vertebralis. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10 (1) [Special Section]: 21–33 (e121) - get paper here
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