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Pholidoscelis dorsalis (GRAY, 1838)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Jamaican Groundlizard, Jamaica Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva dorsalis GRAY 1838: 277
Ameiva dorsalis — GOSSE 1848: 214
Ameiva dorsalis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 189
Ameiva dorsalis — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva dorsalis — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis dorsalis — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 

Type locality: South America (in error) and Jamaica.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 111.11a. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 117 mm, in females to 85 mm); dorsal caudal scales keeled and straight; ventral scales 10 in a transverse row and 33-35 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigitallamellae 92 (combined counts for both fourth toes); femoral pores 44 (combined counts for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 41-43 scales. Dorsal ground color dull brown to chestnut-red, clouded with black (Bogue Is. material with little suffusion of black); beginning at occiput, a narrow, dirty yellow to greenish yellow (Bogue Is.) stripe to base of tail; 2-3 rows of dull yellow to dirty yellow-green (Bogue Is.) spots from shoulder to groin (forming stripes in young); lower row of dots may be greenish or blue (Bogue Is.) and much obscured; below ventralmost row of spots, chestnut-red ground color frequently replaced by olive; head and neck olive; eyelids with yellow rim (Bogue Is.); yellow or white subocular patch; loreal region mayor may not be pale blue; dorsal surface of tail frequently brilliant blue-green in young males (less so in females and older males); belly and lower side of thighs a mixture of white and shades of blue; throat frequently creamy gray, salmon, or rust, extending onto chest (which may be pale blue) and forelimbs (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 189).

Comparisons: Harvey et al. 2012: 91 (Table 6) 
  • Barbour, T. 1910. Notes on the herpetology of Jamaica. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 52: 273—301 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1916. Additional notes on West Indian reptiles and amphibians. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 215-220. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Gosse, P. H. 1848. On the habits of Ameiva dorsalis. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 2: 214-216 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1940. The herpetology of Jamaica Il. The reptiles. Bull. Inst. Jamaica., Sci. Ser. 1: 61-148.
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 3. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 388-394 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 1. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 274-283 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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