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Pholidoscelis lineolatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPholidoscelis lineolatus lineolatus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839)
Pholidoscelis lineolatus beatensis NOBLE 1923
Pholidoscelis lineolatus meracula SCHWARTZ 1966
Pholidoscelis lineolatus perplicata SCHWARTZ 1966
Pholidoscelis lineolatus privigna SCHWARTZ 1966
Pholidoscelis lineolatus semota SCHWARTZ 1966 
Common NamesE: Pygmy Blue-tailed Groundlizard, Pigmy blue-tailed ameiva, Dwarf Teiid 
SynonymAmeiva lineolata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 119
Ameiva lineolata — COPE 1862: 64
Ameiva lineolata — BOULENGER 1885: 349
Ameiva lineolata — SCHMIDT 1921: 17
Ameiva lineolata — MERTENS 1938
Ameiva lineolata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 195
Ameiva lineolata — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva lineolata — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis lineolata — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
Pholidoscelis lineolatus — TUCKER et al. 2016

Pholidoscelis lineolatus beatensis NOBLE 1923
Ameiva beatensis NOBLE 1923
Ameiva lineolata beatensis — MERTENS 1939
Ameiva lineolata beatensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Pholidoscelis lineolatus meracula SCHWARTZ 1966
Ameiva lineolata meracula SCHWARTZ 1966: 51
Ameiva lineolata meracula — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Pholidoscelis lineolatus perplicata SCHWARTZ 1966
Ameiva lineolata perplicata SCHWARTZ, 1966: 49
Ameiva lineolata perplicata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Pholidoscelis lineolatus privigna SCHWARTZ 1966
Ameiva lineolata privigna SCHWARTZ 1966: 55
Ameiva lineolata privigna — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Pholidoscelis lineolatus semota SCHWARTZ 1966
Ameiva lineolata semota SCHWARTZ 1966: 53
Ameiva lineolata semota — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 
DistributionHispaniola, Isla Beata, Isla Cabras, Isla Catalina, Isla Cabritos

Ameiva lineolata lineolata: Hispaniola, northwestern Haiti south to the type-locality, east across Plaine de Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba into Llanos de Azua, República Dominicana; Valle de San Juan; vicinity of Mirebalais, Haiti; Isla Cabritos in Lago Enriquillo; lle à Cabrit. Type locality: St.-Domingue; restricted by Schwartz, 1966b, to the Plaine de Cul de Sac in the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti.

beatensis: Isla Beata. Type locality: Isla Beata, Republica Dominicana

meracula: Valle de Cibao in northwestern República Dominicana; Isla Cabras. Type locality: Monte Cristi, Monte Cristi Province, Republica Dominicana.

perplicata: Haiti, Presqu'ile du Nord-Guest. Type locality: Mole St.-Nicholas, Departement du Nord-Ouest, Haiti.

privigna: southeastern Haiti, east across Peninsula de Barahona. Type locality: 5 km N Pedernales, Pedernales Province, Republica Dominicana

semota: Isla Catalina. Type locality: Isla Catalina, La Romana Province, Republica Dominicana.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2644
Holotype: AMNH 24328 [beatensis]
Holotype: AMNH 39486 [meracula]
Holotype: MCZ 63344 [perplicata]
Holotype: MCZ 77223 [privigna]
Holotype: MCZ 77222 [semota] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 59 mm, in females to 54 mm); dorsal caudal scales smooth and oblique; ventral scales 8-10 (strongly modally 8) in a transverse row and 26-33 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigital scales 57-77 (combined counts for both fourth toes); femoral pores 23-35 (combined counts for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 14-21 scales. Dorsum strongly lineate with 9-14 black longitudinal lines, separated by cream to buffy longitudinal lines on trunk, reduced to 6-9 black lines on neck just posterior to auricular opening, and to 6-10 on sacrum between hindlimbs; hea~ pattern either: (a) a diamond-shaped pale figure on snout, or (b) black ground with continuation of some of the pale dorsal lines as far anterior as snout; hindlimbs dotted with black and white or lined on upper surfaces; forelimbs with a lineate, black-and-white pattern; hands and feet blue; tail bright, electric blue to greenish blue, the dorsal black and pale stripes continuing onto tail proximally; venter white to pinkish or pale, clear blue (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 195). 
CommentIllustrations: Hassler, 1930; Cochran, 1941; Schwartz, 1966.

Subspecies: HARVEY et al. 2012 do not list any subspecies of this species. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Hartley, Laurel M., Robert Powell and John S. Parmerlee 1998. Ameiva lineolata. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (654): 1-4. - get paper here
  • Hassler, W.G. 1930. Digging for lizard nests. Nat. Hist. 30:409-20.
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Amphibien und Reptilien aus Santo Domingo, gesammelt von Prof. Dr. H. Böker. Senckenbergiana 20 (5): 332-342
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Noble, G. K. 1923. Four new lizards from Beata Island, Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 64:1-5. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44: 7-20.
  • Schwartz, A. 1966. The Ameiva (Reptilia: Teiidae) of Hispaniola. I. Ameiva lineolata Duméril and Bibron. Carib. J. Sci. 5 (1 & 2):45-57.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84 - get paper here
  • Tucker, Derek B.; | Stephen Blair Hedges | Guarino R. Colli | Robert Alexander Pyron | Jack W. Sites Jr 2017. Genomic timetree and historical biogeography of Caribbean island ameiva lizards (Pholidoscelis: Teiidae). Ecology and Evolution 7: 7080–7090. - get paper here
 
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