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Pholidoscelis maynardi (GARMAN, 1888)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPholidoscelis maynardi maynardi (GARMAN 1888)
Pholidoscelis maynardi parvinaguae (BARBOUR & SHREVE 1936)
Pholidoscelis maynardi uniformis (NOBLE & KLINGEL 1932) 
Common NamesE: Great Inagua Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva maynardii GARMAN 1888: 110
Amiva leucomelas COPE 1895: 436 [1894]
Ameiva maynardi — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975
Ameiva maynardi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 197
Ameiva maynardi — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva maynardi — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis maynardi — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016

Pholidoscelis maynardi maynardi (GARMAN 1888)
Ameiva maynardi GARMAN 1888
Ameiva maynardi maynardi — NOBLE & KLINGEL 1932
Ameiva maynardi maynardi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988

Pholidoscelis maynardi parvinaguae (BARBOUR & SHREVE 1936)
Ameiva maynardi paruinaguae BARBOUR & SHREVE 1936
Ameiva maynardi parvinaguae — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1946
Ameiva maynardi parvinaguae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Pholidoscelis maynardi parvinaguae — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)

Pholidoscelis maynardi uniformis (NOBLE & KLINGEL 1932)
Ameiva maynardi uniformis NOBLE & KLINGEL 1932
Ameiva maynardi uniformis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 
DistributionBahama Islands, Great Inagua,

maynardi: Great Inagua I., north and west coasts. Type locality: Great Inagua Island, Bahama Islands.

parvinaguae: Little Inagua I.; Type locality: Little Inagua Island, Bahama Islands.

uniformis: Great Inagua I., eastern and southern portions; intergrades with A. m. maynardi in southwestern Great Inagua I. Type locality: Canfield Bay, Great Inagua Island, Bahama Islands.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 6225.
Holotype: MCZ 42039 [parvinaguae]
Holotype: AMNH 45404 [uniformis] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 72 mm, in females to 70 mm); dorsal caudal scales smooth and oblique; ventral scales 8 in a transverse row and 35-41 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigital scales 60-78 (combined counts for both fourth toes); femoral pores 24 (combined counts for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 15-24 scales. Dorsum: (1) reddish brown, tan, milky blue-gray, olivaceous on head; 3 dark brown to blackish bands (alternating with 2 tan to yellow-buff bands) the length of body but not onto tail, median dark band from occiput, extending not so far as hindlimb insertion, lateral dark bands from just anterior to eye, covering most of flanks, (2) pale uniform brown, grayish brown, or reddish brown, or (3) light, grayish brown more or less vermiculate with black laterally, the vermiculations tending to form a line; lateral black band with irregular edges, speckled with brown; venter bluish gray, gray, creamy to white; tail gray to brown, scales often buff-edged posteriorly (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 197). 
CommentIllustrations: Klingel, 1940.

Subspecies:  HARVEY et al. 2012 do not list any subspecies of this species. 
EtymologyNamed after Professor Charles Johnson Maynard (1845-1929), zoologist, ornithologist, and lepidopterist. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas & Loveridge, Arthur 1946. First supplement to typical reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 96 (2): 59-214. - get paper here
  • Barbour,T. and B. Shreve 1936. New races of Tropidophis and of Ameiva from the Bahamas. Proc. New England Zool. Club 40: 347-365.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1895. The Batrachia and Reptilia of the University of Pennsylvania West Indian expedition of 1890 and 1891. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 46 [1894]: 429-442 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1888. Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and from the Bahamas. Collected by Prof. C. J. Maynard for the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Bull. Essex Inst. 20: 101-113 - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Klingel,G.C. 1940. The Ocean Island (Inagua). Dodd, Mead Co., NY: xii + 385 pp.
  • Noble, G. K. and G. C. Klingel. 1932. The reptiles of Great Inagua Island, British West Indies. American Museum Novitates 549: 1-25. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216. - get paper here
 
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