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Pholidoscelis plei (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPholidoscelis plei plei (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839)
Pholidoscelis plei analiferus (COPE 1870) 
Common NamesE: Anguilla Bank Groundlizard, Anguilla Bank Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva Plei [sic] DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 114
Ameiva scutata GRAY 1845: 19
Ameiva plei — COPE 1862: 65
Ameiva pleii — BOULENGER 1885: 354
Ameiva garmani BARBOUR 1914: 312
Ameiva pleei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 198
Ameiva plei — POWELL et al. 1996: 83
Ameiva plei — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis plei — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016

Pholidoscelis plei analiferus (COPE 1870)
Ameiva analifera COPE 1870: 158
Ameiva plei analifera CENSKY & PAULSON 1992
Pholidoscelis plei analifera — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 (by implication)
Pholidoscelis plei analiferus — TUCKER et al. 2017 (by implication) 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Anguilla, St. Martin, St. Barthelemy

Type locality: see comment.

analifera: Type locality: St.-Martin and St.-Barthelemy.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 4163; paralectotypes: MNHN-RA 1784, MNHN-RA 2648
Syntypes: ANSP 9065, ANSP 9072-81 [analiferus]
Holotype: MCZ 6141 [garmani]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.30.34, locality unknown [scutata] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL to 151 mm); dorsal caudal scales keeled and straight; ventral scales 10-12 in a transverse row and 30-34 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigital lamellae 70 (combined counts of both fourth toes); femoral pores 38-48 (combined count for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 28-31 scales. Dorsal ground color black (lIe Fregate females; blackish in Anguilla males), brown (Anguilla; lIe Fregate males) to greenish sand (St.-Martin), greenish gray (and heavily flecked with black; lIe Chevreau), or greenish brown (St. Barthelemy); dorsum with transverse rows of spots that are black-bordered, pale, blue-gray, buffy (Anguilla) to cream (small males on St.-Barthelemy), greenish gray (St.-Martin), or pale green (Anguilla; large males on St.-Barthelemy), these spots nearly or quite contiguous and continuing onto flanks (Scrub I. individuals completely black); hindlimbs and upper side of tail heavily marked with small blue to blue-gray, or cream to greenish (St.-Martin, St.-Barthelemy) spots and flecks (hindlimbs may be free of spots; lIe Chevreau and lIe Fregate); throat and mesoptychium pale gray to dirty yellow; venter pale to dark gray (St.-Martin), pale yellow (Anguilla; lIe Chevreau), blue-green (lIe Fregate), or grayish blue (Anguilla) with variable encroachment of dark color from sides; iris golden (Anguilla) or orange (St.-Barthelemy) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 198). 
CommentTerra typica: Martinique (in error).

The French name is given as “l’Ameiva de Plée” by DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839, hence the name may be emended to Ameiva pleei, in contrast to the original name which was spelled “Plei”.

Subspecies: Ameiva plei analifera COPE 1869 was listed as synonym of A. pleei in SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the West Indies, with Especial Reference to Amphibians and Reptiles. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (2): 205-359 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Censky, E. J. and D. R. Paulson. 1992. Revision of the Ameiva (Reptilia: Teiidae) of the Anguilla Bank, West Indies. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 61:177-195.
  • Censky, E.J. 1995. Reproduction in two Lesser Antillean populations of Ameiva plei (Teiidae) Journal of Herpetology 29 (4): 553-560. - get paper here
  • Censky, Ellen J 1998. Ameiva plei. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 671: 1-3 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • MASSARY, Jean-Christophe DE; Corentin BOCHATON, Roger BOUR, Maël DEWYNTER, Ivan INEICH, Nicolas VIDAL & Jean LESCURE 2018. Liste taxinomique de l’herpétofaune dans l’outre-mer français: II. Collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 166 : 59-78 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 136]
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Tucker, Derek B.; | Stephen Blair Hedges | Guarino R. Colli | Robert Alexander Pyron | Jack W. Sites Jr 2017. Genomic timetree and historical biogeography of Caribbean island ameiva lizards (Pholidoscelis: Teiidae). Ecology and Evolution 7: 7080–7090. - get paper here
  • White, April M.; Robert Powell, Ellen J. Censky 2002. On the thermal biology of Ameiva (Teiidae) from the Anguilla Bank, West Indies: Does melanism matter? Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (4): 517-523 - get paper here
 
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