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Pholidoscelis polops (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Pholidoscelis polops (Cope, St. Croix Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva polops COPE 1862: 66
Ameiva Örstedii REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1863
Ameiva polops — BOULENGER 1885: 350
Ameiva polops — GRANT 1937: 510
Ameiva polops — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 200
Ameiva polops — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis polops — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
Ameiva polops — ANGELI et al. 2018 
DistributionPuerto Rico Bank: US Vigin Islands, St. Croix

Type locality: St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 30695; syntypes: ZMUC R.4355-4356. Other specimens exist in the University of Puerto Rico, Biology Museum, Rio Piedras Campus, (UPRRP 3675-3677-3679) and at the University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology (UMMZ 88236, 80603-04) in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Syntypes: ZMB, ZMUC [Örstedii] 
CommentIllustrations: Cope, 1895 (as A. leucomelas); Grant, 1937; Heatwole and Torres, 1967; Philibosian and Yntema, 1977; MacLean, 1982. 
  • Angeli NF. 2012. Ameiva polops (Saint Croix Ameiva). Conservation. Caribbean Herpetology 45: 1 - get paper here
  • Angeli, N. F., Lundgren, I. F., Pollock, C. G., Hillis-Starr, Z. M. and Fitzgerald, L. A. 2018. Dispersal and population state of an endangered island lizard following a conservation translocation. Ecol Appl. doi:10.1002/eap.1650 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1895. The Batrachia and Reptilia of the University of Pennsylvania West Indian expedition of 1890 and 1891. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 46 [1894]: 429-442 - get paper here
  • Dodd, C. K., Jr. 1980. Ameiva polops. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (240. - get paper here
  • Dodd, C. Kenneth, Jr. 1979. A bibliography of endangered and threatened amphibians and reptiles in the United States and its territories (conservation, distribution, natural history, status). Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (46): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1937. Herpetological notes with new species from the American and British Virgin Islands, 1936. J. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 21: 503-522.
  • Heatwole, H.,and Torres, F. 1967. Distribution and geographic variation of the Ameivas of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 24(92):63-1 11. - get paper here
  • HURTADO, LUIS A.; CARLOS A. SANTAMARIA & LEE A. FITZGERALD 2014. The phylogenetic position of the Critically Endangered Saint Croix ground lizard Ameiva polops: revisiting molecular systematics of West Indian Ameiva. Zootaxa 3794 (2): 254–262 - get paper here
  • MacLean, W.P. 1982. Reptiles and amphibians of the Virgin Islands. MacMillan Caribbean, London: vii + 54 pp.
  • Philibosian, R. & R. Ruibal 1971. Conservation of the Lizard Ameiva polops in the Virgin Islands Herpetologica 27 (4): 450-454. - get paper here
  • Philibosian, R. and Yntema, J.A. 1977. Annotated checklist of the birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians of the Virgin Islands & Puerto Rico. Information Services, Frederiksted, St. Croix, 48 pp.
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1976. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. I. 1968-1975. Herpetologica 32 (1): 81-85 - get paper here
  • Philibosian, R.; Yntema, J. A. 1978. Records and status of some reptiles and amphibians in the Virgin Islands. II. 1975-1976. Herpetologica 34 (1): 47-51 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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