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Phrynocephalus forsythii ANDERSON, 1872

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Forsyth's Toadhead Agama
Chinese: 南疆沙蜥 
SynonymPhrynocephalus forsythii ANDERSON 1872: 390
Phrynocephalus theobaldi var. forsythii — BOULENGER 1885: 374
Phrynocephalus theobaldi var. forsythi — ZUGMAYER 1909: 502
Phrynocephalus forsythii — WERMUTH 1967: 78
Phrynocephalus forsythii — WANG et al. 2003
Phrynocephalus (Oreosaura) forsythii — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus forsythii — QI et al. 2020 
DistributionChina (Xinjiang)

Type locality: Yarkand [= Shache, 38º25' N, 77º14' E, southern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, western China]  
Reproductionovovivparous; P. forsythii is sympatrically distributed with the oviparous species P. axillaris in the south-western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region od China. 
TypesSyntypes, BMNH 1946.8.28.40; NMW 24809 and ZSI 5167, 5168, 5181. 
Etymologynamed after Sir T. Douglas Forsyth. 
  • Anderson, J. 1872. On some Persian, Himalayan, and other Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 371-404 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, A.V. & N.B. ANANJEVA 2007. Catalogue of the available scientific species-group names for lizards of the genus Phrynocephalus Kaup, 1825 (Reptilia, Sauria, Agamidae). Zootaxa 1399: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • GUO, Xianguang; Li LIU and Yuezhao WANG 2012. Phylogeography of the Phrynocephalus vlangalii Species Complex in the Upper Reaches of the Yellow River Inferred from mtDNA ND4-tRNALEU Segments. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (1): - get paper here
  • Pang, Junfeng; Yuezhao Wang, Yang Zhong, A. Rus Hoelzel, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Xiaomao Zeng, Natalia B. Ananjeva and Ya-ping Zhang 2003. A phylogeny of Chinese species in the genus Phrynocephalus (Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 398-409 - get paper here
  • QI, Y., DING, L., Yangyang, Z. H. A. O., Chenkai, N. I. U., Xiaoning, W. A. N. G., & Wei, Z. H. A. O. 2020. Toad-headed Lizard Phrynocephalus forsythii (Squamata, Agamidae) as a Potential Ring Species Inferred from Population Genetic Differentiation. Asian Herpetological Research 11 (4): 312-319 - get paper here
  • Qi, Y., Zhao, W., Li, Y., & Zhao, Y. 2020. Environmental and geological changes in the Tarim Basin promoted the phylogeographic formation of Phrynocephalus forsythii (Squamata: Agamidae). Gene, 145264 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Weizhao YANG,Tao ZHANG,Zhongyi YAO,et al. 2021. Transcriptome Sequencing Provides Evidence of Genetic Assimilation in a Toad-Headed Lizard at High Altitude. Asian Herpetological Research 12 (3): 315-322.[ - get paper here
  • Zugmayer,Erich 1909. Beiträge zur Herpetologie von Zentral-Asien. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. 27: 481-508 - get paper here
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