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Phrynocephalus interscapularis LICHTENSTEIN & MARTENS, 1856

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPhrynocephalus interscapularis interscapularis LICHTENSTEIN 1856
Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus CHERNOV 1948 
Common NamesE: Lichtenstein's Toadhead Agama
sogdianus: Tajikistan Toadhead Agama 
SynonymPhrynocephalus interscapularis LICHTENSTEIN & MARTENS 1856
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — BOULENGER 1885: 378
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — NIKOLSKY 1915: 180
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — TERENTJEW & TSCHERNOW 1949: 157
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — LEVITON 1959: 461
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — ANDERSON 1963: 475
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — WERMUTH 1967: 82
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — MACEY et al. 2000
Phrynocephalus (Phrynocephalus) interscapularis interscapularis — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus interscapularis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Phrynocephalus (Microphrynocephalus) interscapularis — SOLOVYEVA et al. 2014

Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus CHERNOV 1948
Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus CHERNOV 1948: 135
Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus CHERNOV 1959: 76
Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus — WERMUTH 1967: 82
Phrynocephalus sogdianus — SOKOLOVSKY 1975: 12
Phrynocephalus sogdianus — DUNAYEV 1996
Phrynocephalus sogdianus — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Phrynocephalus sogdianus — SZCZERBAK 2003
Phrynocephalus (Phrynocephalus) interscapularis sogdianus — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus sogdianus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Phrynocephalus interscapularis sogdianus — MILTO & BARABANOV 2012: 161
Phrynocephalus (Microphrynocephalus) sogdianus — SOLOVYEVA et al. 2014 
DistributionTurkmenistan, S Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, NE Iran, NE Afghanistan

Type locality: “Bucharei” = Bukhara, Uzbekistan

sogdianus: S Uzbekistan, SW Tajikistan, N Afghanistan; Type locality: Pyandza (Pjantsch), Tajikistan  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 796 (designated by Barabanov & Ananjeva 2007: 10); paralectotypes: ZMB 795, ZMB 54831 (was ZMB 795 part.), ZMB 55938--40 (was ZMB 796 part.), "Bucharei", leg. Eversmann.
Holotype: ZISP 16887 [sogdianus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Microphrynocephalus): All of the members of the new subgenus differ from other Phrynocephalus species in the following combination of traits (our data [7] and the references therein): (1) small psammophilic species; in adults, the maximum body length is 48 mm and tail length is 60 mm; (2) a series of enlarged scales on the gular skin extends from chin to mouth corners; (3) the suborbital and pretemporal scales are enlarged; (4) up to 13 supralabial scales; (5) 22–23 presacral vertebrae; (6) the maxillary outer process underlies the premaxilla offshoot; (7) there is one tooth on the premaxilla; (8) there is no offshoot of the nasal bone, the dorsal surface of the nasal bone is flat; (9) the middle episternal process is reduced or very short; (10) m. episternocleidomastoideus is attached to the occipital bone. The subgeneric taxonomy of Phrynocephalus and of Microphrynocephalus subgenus will be published in detail later (SOLOVYEVA et al. 2014). 
Comment“P[hrynocephalus]. interscapularis” Fitzinger, 1826: 48. is a nomen nudum as FITZINGER did not provide a description.

Type: unknown (fide ANDERSON 1999, BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007)

Type species: Phrynocephalus interscapularis LICHTENSTEIN 1856 is the type species of the subgenus Microphrynocephalus SOLOVYEVA et al. 2014. 
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