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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymPhrynocephalus sakoi MELNIKOV, MELNIKOVA, NAZAROV, AL-JOHANY & ANANJEVA 2015 
DistributionNE Oman

Type locality: Al Sharqiyah Sands, Filim vicinity (20°41’19.7’’ N, 58°17’41.6’’ E), northeastern Oman.  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 28705, adult male (Fig. 4 in Melnikov et al. 2015). Paratypes. ZISP 28706 – 28710, ZISP 27089, CAS 251008, 251022, 251023 (Fig. 4 in Melnikov et al. 2015) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large and “heavy” Phrynocephalus species with tail longer than body in both sexes; five-star shape bright orange pattern on head in females and black in males, two bright orange stripes on the neck in females and black in males, two longitudinal rows of six bright orange (salmon) patches on the dorsum in females and black in males; with white undertail coloration without bands in both sexes with black distal third in males and black quarter in females (two bands) and no bands in white proximal part.

Variation: there seems to be some variation with yellowish-brown specimens adapted to gravel and rocks and a grayish form adapted to fine sand (Fig. 7 in Melnikov et al. 2015: 308).
EtymologyThe species has been “dedicated to the memory of our close friend and colleague Sako Tuniyev [1983-2015], who tragically passed away on January 5, 2015.” 
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Melnikov, Daniel; Ekaterina Melnikova, Roman Nazarov, Awadh Al-Johany, and Natalia B. Ananjeva 2015. A NEW SPECIES OF Phrynocephalus (AGAMIDAE, SAURIA) FROM AL SHARQIYAH SANDS, NORTHEASTERN OMAN, DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF SAKO TUNIYEV (1983 – 2015). Russian Journal of Herpetology 22 (4): 301 – 309
  • Tuniyev B.S. 2015. In memory of Sako B. Tuniev (1983–2015). Current Studies in Herpetology 15 (1/2): 89–94 - get paper here
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