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Phrynocephalus theobaldi BLYTH, 1863

IUCN Red List - Phrynocephalus theobaldi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Theobald's toad-headed agama, Toad Mounted lizard, snow lizard; lidskii: Tibetan Toadhead Agama; alticola: Montane toad-headed agama

Nepali: Hiu cheparo
Chinese: 西藏沙蜥 
SynonymPhrynocephalus Theobaldi BLYTH 1863: 90
Phrynocephalus stolickai STEINDACHNER 1867: 23
Phrynocephalus theobaldi — BOULENGER 1885: 373
Phrynocephalus caudivolvulus ANDERSON 1872: 387 (fide SMITH 1935)
Phrynocephalus vlangalii var. lidskii BEDRIAGA 1909: 479
Phrynocephalus stolickai — ZUGMAYER 1909: 500
Phrynocephalus lidskii — TZAREVSKY 1927: 25.
Phrynocephalus theobaldi — SMITH 1935: 230
Phrynocephalus theobaldi — WERMUTH 1967: 89
Phrynocephalus alticola PETERS 1984
Phrynocephalus alticola — DAS 1996: 44
Phrynocephalus theobaldi — DAS 1996: 45
Phrynocephalus zetangensis WANG et al. 1996
Phrynocephalus theobaldi orientalis WANG et al in: WANG et al. 1999: 27
Phrynocephalus theobaldi lhasaensis BARABANOV et al. 2002
Phrynocephalus theobaldi — WANG et al. 2003
Phrynocephalus zetangensis — WANG et al. 2003
Phrynocephalus lidskii — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Phrynocephalus (Oreosaura) theobaldi — BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007
Phrynocephalus zetangensis — WANG et al. 2009
Phrynocephalus lidskii — MILTO & BARABANOV 2012: 165
Phrynocephalus theobaldi — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 429
Phrynocephalus theobaldi orientalis — JIN et al. 2018
Phrynocephalus theobaldi theobaldi — JIN et al. 2018 
DistributionE Turkestan,
India (Jammu, Kashmir), Nepal
China (Xinjiang, Xizang = S Tibet)

alticola: India (Jammu, Kashmir), elevation 4000-5000 m.; Type locality: “Ruckchin = Rukchen, in der Landschaft Rupshu in Ladakh, ca. 90 km SES von Leh; abflussloses Hochtal zwischen 4000-5000 m uber NN” in Jammu and Kashmir State, India.”

lidskii: NW Tibet (Keria mountains); Type locality: “Gebirgskette Russki, Tibet und nördliches Tibet, Tschertschen, zwischen Atschan und Ssuchet, Kara-ssai, Tochtachun und Keria-Gebirge” (fide WERMUTH 1967).

zetangensis: China (Xizang = Tibet); Type locality: "Zetang, Xizang Autonomous Region, China; 3950 m elevation” [approximately 29º13' N, 91º47' E].”

Type locality: Lake Chomoriri = Tsho-marari, Rupshu Province, Tibet.  
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 5391–93
Lectotype: ZISP 7258.1 (designated by Peters, 1984: 47), . [lidskii]
Holotype: BMNH [alticola]
Holotype: CIB 0156, Male [zetangensis] 
CommentSynonymy after BARABANOV & ANANJEVA 2007. 
EtymologyNamed after William Theobald (1829-1908), a naturalist and herpetologist, who was Deputy Superintendent, Geological Survey of India. 
  • ANANJEVA, Natalia B.; Xianguang GUO and Yuezhao WANG 2011. Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here
  • Anderson, J. 1872. On some Persian, Himalayan, and other Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 371-404 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, A.V. & N.B. ANANJEVA 2007. Catalogue of the available scientific species-group names for lizards of the genus Phrynocephalus Kaup, 1825 (Reptilia, Sauria, Agamidae). Zootaxa 1399: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Barabanov, Andrei, Natalia Ananjeva, Theodore J. Papenfuss and Wang Yuezhao 2002. A new name for Phrynocephalus theobaldi orientalis Wang, Papenfuss et Zeng, 1999. Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (1):80 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, J.V. 1909. Amphibien und Reptilien. In: Wissenschaftliche Resultate der Reisen N.M. Przewalskijs durch Zentralasien. Zoologische Teil. Band 3. Part 1. Lacertilia. (in Russian). Sankt-Petersburg, Vol 3 (1) 3: 73-102, 367
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
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  • Jin, Yuanting; Yubin Wo, Haojie Tong, Sen Song, Lixun Zhang and Richard P. Brown 2018. Evolutionary analysis of mitochondrially encoded proteins of toad-headed lizards, Phrynocephalus, along an altitudinal gradient. BMC Genomics (2018) 19:185 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
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  • Patel, Dimpi A.; Pankaj Raina, Sunetro Ghoshal, Animesh Talukdar 2020. Clutch Size of a High-elevation Lizard, the Montane Toad-headed Agama (Phrynocephalus theobaldi Blyth 1863) from the Trans-Himalayas. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 281-283 - get paper here
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