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Phyllodactylus maresi LANZA, 1973

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mares’ Leaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymPhyllodactylus galapagensis maresi LANZA 1973: 157
Phyllodactylus galapagensis maresi — DE LISLE et al. 2013, 2018
Phyllodactylus maresi — ARTEAGA et al. 2019 
DistributionGalapagos Islands (Bartolomé, Marchena, Santiago, and Rábida, Mares Islet)

Type locality: Mares Islet.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUF (also as MF) 15325, adult female, collected by Lanza 1971 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. males 7.6 cm, females 9.1 cm. We compare Phyllodactylus maresi to other geckos traditionally assigned to P. galapagensis. From P. andysabini sp. n., P. simpsoni sp. n., and P. duncanensis, it differs in having pointed tubercles on the top of the head and having asymmetrical pine-cone-shaped fingertips as opposed to blunt and symmetrical fingertips (Fig. 6). From P. galapagensis, it differs in having a higher (39–53 vs 27–45) number of tubercles in a paravertebral row from base of tail to head. A description of P. maresi and a more detailed comparison with P. galapagensis is given in Lanza (1973).2 Genetic divergence in a 307 bp long fragment of the mitochondrial 12S gene between P. maresi and P. galapagensis is 3–4%, whereas intraspecific distances are 0–1% in eight individuals of P. maresi (Arteaga et al. 2019). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Lodovico Mares, an Italian businessman and Maecenas who funded the expedition that led to the discovery of the species on the islet now known as Mares. 
References
  • Arteaga A, Bustamante L, Vieira J, Tapia W, Guayasamin JM (Eds) 2019. Reptiles of Galápagos. Tropical Herping - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1973. On some Phyllodactylus from the Galapagos Islands (Reptilia Gekkonidae). Publicato a Cura del Museo Zoologico dell’Università di Firenze, pp. 1-25.
  • Lisle, H.F. de; Nazarov, R.A.; Raw, L.R.G. & Grathwohl, J. 2013. Gekkota: a catalogue of recent species. [type catalogue] Privately published, 387 pp.
  • Lisle, H.F. de; Nazarov, R.A.; Raw, L.R.G. & Grathwohl, J. 2018. Gekkota: a catalogue of recent species. Second edition.[type catalogue] Privately published, 358 pp.
 
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