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Phymaturus camilae SCOLARO, JARA & PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, 2013

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Camila’s Patagonian Rocky Lizard
S: Matuasto de Camila 
SynonymPhymaturus camilae SCOLARO, JARA & PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2013 
DistributionArgentina (Patagonia: Chubut)

Type locality: volcanic rocky outcrops (1100 m elevation) of Sacanana stream bridge, adjacent to Provincial Road 4, (42°27'55.4”S, 68°43'33.3”W), Chubut Province, Argentina.  
TypesHolotype: MLP R. 5786, adult male. Collected by J.A. Scolaro and O.F. Tappari, 05 February 2010. Paratypes: MLP-R. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Phymaturus camilae sp. nov. is characterized by pronounced sexual dichromatism (and sexual size dimorphism, with females being the larger sex), an unusual pattern of intersexual differentiation within the clade patagonicus, in which species show a clear tendency toward monochromatism. As we stated above, and as confirmed by Morando et al. (2013), Phymaturus camilae sp. nov. is a member of the patagonicus clade, and hence, it can be distinguished from species of the palluma clade by the traits detailed in Etheridge (1995). Also, as detailed in the results section above, the phylogenetically closest relatives of Phymaturus camilae sp. nov. are P. calcogaster and P. patagonicus. While P. patagonicus lacks sexual dichromatism, this intersexual trait is clearly expressed in our new species. In addition, both species differ substantially in the overall patterns of coloration. Phymaturus camilae sp. nov. shares multiple phenotypic similarities with P. calcogaster, although in this latter species sexual dichromatism and sexual size dimorphism are only slightly expressed, while both are evident in the new species (Figs. 2b, 4, 5). Finally, as detailed in the results section, the molecular evidence presented by Morando et al. (2013) reveals that Phymaturus camilae sp. nov. has genetically diverged from the two related species, providing further confirmation of our new species hypothesis. 
EtymologyThe species is named after Camila Antonia, the daughter of DPD. 
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • SCOLARO, J. A., CORBALÁN, V., STREITENBERGER, L. O., & TAPPARI, O. F. 2021. Description of Phymaturus katenke, a new species of lizard (Iguania: Liolaemidae) discovered through DNA barcoding. NORTH-WESTERN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 17, 1 - get paper here
  • SCOLARO, J. ALEJANDRO; MANUEL JARA, DANIEL PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2013. The sexual signals of speciation? A new sexually dimorphic Phymaturus species of the patagonicus clade from Patagonia Argentina. Zootaxa 3722 (3): 317–332 - get paper here
  • Scolaro, José Alejandro; Valeria Corbalán, Osvaldo Fabián Tappari and Lorena Obregón Streitenberger 2016. LIZARDS AT THE END OF THE WORLD: A NEW MELANIC SPECIES OF PHYMATURUS OF THE PATAGONICUS CLADE FROM ROCKY OUTCROPS IN THE NORTHWESTERN STEPPE OF CHUBUT PROVINCE, PATAGONIA ARGENTINA (REPTILIA: IGUANIA: LIOLAEMIDAE). Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile, 65: 137-152
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