Pinoyscincus coxi (TAYLOR, 1915)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pinoyscincus coxi?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Subspecies||Pinoyscincus coxi coxi (TAYLOR 1915)|
Pinoyscincus coxi divergens (TAYLOR 1922)
|Common Names||E: Cox's Sphenomorphus|
|Synonym||Sphenomorphus coxi coxi TAYLOR 1915: 100|
Sphenomorphus coxi TAYLOR 1915: 100
Lygosoma (Hinulia) jagori PETERS 1864: 54 (part.)
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) coxi — BROWN & ALCALA 1970: 113
Sphenomorphus coxi coxi — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 203
Pinoyscincus coxi — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011
Pinoyscincus coxi divergens TAYLOR 1922
Sphenomorphus jagori divergens TAYLOR 1922: 194
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) jagori — SMITH 1937: 220 (part.)
Sphenomorphus coxi divergens — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 206
Sphenomorphus coxi divergens — BROWN et al. 1995
Sphenomorphus coxi divergens — LAGAT 2009
Pinoyscincus coxi divergens (by implication)
Pinoyscincus coxi divergens — MENESES et al. 2022
|Distribution||Philippines (coxi: Mindanao, Leyte, Samar, Camiguin; divergens: SW Luzon, Marinduque, Mindoro)|
divergens: widely distributed in the Philippines (incl. Luzon, Marinduque, Mindoro (Crombie, 1994). Also recorded from Mindoro, Luzon, Polillo, Leyte, Samar, Camiguin, Mindanao, Panay, and Sulu Islands).
Type locality: Bunawan (Bunauan), Agusan Province, Mindanao Island [coxi].
Type locality: Mt. Makiling, Luzon, and Naujan and Calapan, Mindoro Island [divergens].
|Reproduction||oviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022)|
|Types||Holotype: lost, BSMP 1782, collected E.H. Taylor, vi.1912; lost fide BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 204|
Syntypes: CM P1758-66, Sumagui & Pocamil, Mindoro, collected E.H. Taylor v.1916; P1767-78, Calapan & San Isidro, Mindoro, collected E.H. Taylor, xi.1916. UMMZ 65965, Calapan, Mondoro, collected E.H. Taylor, x.1916, MCZ 20134, Sumagui & Pocamil, Mindoro, collected E.H.Taylor v.1915, and MCZ 20135, Calapan & San Isidro, Mindoro, collected E.H. Taylor, xi.1916 are also possibly syntypes, although Taylor (1922) only listed 9 specimens from Sumagui and 12 from Calapan. Whereabouts of the remaining 10 syntypes (4 from Mt Maquiling, Luzon; 6 from Lake Naujan, Mindoro) unknown, although Marx (1972) refers to 4 "cotypes" of unspecified locality in FMNH [divergens]
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis:-Frontoparietal single; prefrontals not in contact; 5 supraoculars; adpressed hind legs fail to reach beyond the elbow; frontal as broad as, or slightly broader than, the supraocular region; last 3 labials with distinct yellow spots.” (Taylor 1915: 100) |
Description of type. “Rostral moderate, high, forming a short suture with the frontonasal, which is much wider than long, and in contact with the frontal; prefrontals not widely separated; frontoparietal single, followed by a narrow interparietal; nostril pierced in a single nasal and followed by 2 loreals; 2 preoculars, superimposed; 2 narrow elongate scales above the fourth and fifth labials; 5 supraoculars followed by 4 or 5 small scales inserted between the parietal and fifth supraocular, although not entirely separating them a very much enlarged temporal bordering the parietal, with 2 or 3 smaller temporals touching its lower edge and bordering the labials; 7 upper labials, seventh largest; 6 lower labials, last much the longest; ear opening large, nearer the foreleg than the end of the snout; several pairs of chin shields; 36 rows of scales around the body; 22 lamellæ of scales under the fourth toe: 2 enlarged preanals; medial row under the tail only slightly enlarged; adpressed hind leg fails to reach the adpressed elbow of the foreleg.” (Taylor 1915: 100)
Color in life. “Above reddish brown with a series of about 12 darker bands across the body, indistinct above, but darker on the sides, especially on the head and neck, where the ends appear as a series of large black spots; a series of light spots on the labials, those on the last 3 labials bright yellow; tail variously barred with very narrow indefinite bars of a darker color; lower part of the tail dull purplish pink; small brown spots on the neck; belly immaculate. In young individuals the tail is pinkish.” (Taylor 1915: 101)
Measurements. “Total length, 166 millimeters; snout to vent, 66; width of head, 11; width of body, 14; foreleg, 18; hind leg, 25.” (Taylor 1915: 101)
Comparisons: “This species superficially resembles Sphenomorphus jagori from which it is easily distinguished by the undivided frontoparietal. Spenomorphus coxi is common in the swamps and on the sides of the low mountains near Bunauan. Twenty-six specimens were collected. The species is named for Dr. Alvin J. Cox, director of the Bureau of Science.” (Taylor 1915: 101)
|Etymology||Named after Dr. Alvin J. Cox, former Director of the Philippines Bureau of Science, Manila, ca. 1910.|