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Plagiopholis nuchalis (BOULENGER, 1893)

IUCN Red List - Plagiopholis nuchalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Pseudoxenodontinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Assam Mountain Snake
G: Indische Halsbandnatter
Chinese: 缅甸颈斑蛇 
SynonymTrirhinopholis nuchalis BOULENGER 1893: 419
Oligodon evansi WALL 1913 (fide SMITH 1943)
Trirhinopholis nuchalis WALL 1921: 43 (fide SMITH 1943)
Plagiopholis nuchalis SMITH 1940: 484
Plagiopholis nuchalis — SMITH 1943: 326
Plagiopholis nuchalis — COX et al. 1998: 48
Plagiopholis nuchalis — TILLACK et al. 2006
Plagiopholis nuchalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 562 
DistributionW/N/NE Thailand (Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Lampang, Loei, Kanchanaburi), Myanmar (= Burma), India (Assam) ?,
China (Yunnan), Vietnam (Hoa Binh), elevations 900-1620 m.

kunmingensis: China (Yunnan); Type locality: Western Hill of Kunming City (25° 0’ N, 102° 7’ E), Yunnan.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.13.94, female Type 
CommentSynonymy: Plagiopholis blakewayi BOULENGER 1893: 301 has been considered as a synonym of P. nuchalis by previous authors.

The record of P. nuchalis reproted by Smith (1930) has been later changed to P. delacouri (Smith 1943: 326).

Distribution: It remains unclear whether P. nuchalis really occurs in Vietnam or India (see TILLACK et al. 2006 for a discussion). 
EtymologyEtymology not mentioned in the original description but most probably referring to the "black arrow-headed marking on the nape." 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Kou, Zi-Tong & Wu, Jie-Yun 1993. A new species of Oligodon from Yunnan (Serpentes: Colubridae) [in Chinese]. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 18 (3): 379-381
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Tan Van Nguyen, Cuong The Pham, An Vinh Ong & Thomas Ziegler 2018. New records of snakes (Squamata: Serpentes) from Hoa Binh Province, northwestern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 67 (1): 15–24 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1930. Two new Snakes from Tonkin, Indo-China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (10) 6: 681-683 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1940. The Amphibians and Reptiles obtained by Mr. Ronald Kaulback in Upper Burma. Records of the Indian Museum 42: 465-486
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Tillack, Frank, Ulrich Scheidt and Thomas Ihle 2006. First record of Blakeway's mountain snake, Plagiopholis blakewayi Boulenger, 1893 from Thailand, with remarks on the distribution of Plagiopholis nuchalis Boulenger, 1893 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae. Pseudoxenodontinae). Veröffentlichungen des Naturkundemuseums Erfurt 25:181-186.
  • Wall,F. 1921. Notes on some notable additions to the Bombay N.H.S. Snakes Collection. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 28: 43-44 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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