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Pogona barbata (CUVIER, 1829)

IUCN Red List - Pogona barbata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Eastern Bearded Dragon, Bearded Dragon, Jew Lizard
G: Bartagame
S: Dragón barbudo del Este 
SynonymAgama barbata CUVIER 1829: 35
Stellio discosomus PERON 1807 (nomen oblitum)
Discosomus [discosomus] — OKEN 1816
Amphibolurus barbatus — WIEGMANN 1834: 7
Grammatophora barbata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 478
Amphibolurus barbatus — BOULENGER 1885: 391
Amphibolurus barbatus — WERNER 1909
Grammatophora barbata — CAMP 1923: 410
Amphibolurus barbatus — KINGHORN 1924
Pogona barbata — STORR 1982
Amphibolurus barbatus — COGGER 1983
Amphibolurus barbatus — BRYGOO 1988: 7
Pogona barbata — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 95
Pogona barbata — COGGER 2000: 347
Pogona barbata — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Pogona barbata — MELVILLE & WILSON 2019
Pogona barbata — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 87 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: Australia  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 7489, Australia, collected Péron & Lesueur. Designation by Badham (1976), by inference of holotype (see Shea, 2001). A subsequent lectotype designation of MNHN 7375 (another former syntype) by Wells & Wellington (1985) is invalid. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Moderately large to very large, stout, more or less depressed agamid lizards with rows and zones of spines on head and body, including a transverse series of spines on occiput. Further distinguishable from Amphibolurus (sensu stricto) by pores located in notch at rear of enlarged femoral and pre-anal scales, and from other Amphibolurus (sensu lato) by alignment of pre-anal pores backwards towards midline (STORR 1982). 
CommentSynonymy: Stellio discosomus PERON, 1807 is a senior synomym of Agama barbata Cuvier, 1829. Stellio discosomus Peron, 1807 is considered as a nomen oblitum, the name Agama barbata Cuvier, 1829( = Pogona barbata) is a nomen protectum. The genus name Discosomus OKEN 1816 is a nomen oblitum and synonym of Pogona (Shea 2021).

Type species: Agama barbata CUVIER 1829 is the type species of the genus Pogona STORR 1982.

Genomics: The University of Canberra has sequenced a Pogona genome (http://genomics.canberra.edu.au) (Georges et al. 2015).

Pogona barbata retains characteristics of the ancestral venom system, namely serial, lobular non-compound venom-secreting glands on both the upper and lower jaws (FRY et al. 2005). THere are mutations in bearded dragons that appear to eliminate scales (Dhouailly et al. 2019).

Ecology: for a comparative phylogenetic analysis of ecological adaptations in Pogona and other Australian agamids see Tallowin et al. 2019. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): from Greek “pogon” = beard. 
References
  • Badham J A 1976. The Amphibolurus barbatus species-group (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 24(3) 1976: 423-443 - get paper here
  • Badham, J.A. 1971. Albumin formation in eggs of the agamid Amphibolurus barbatus barbatus Copeia 1971 (3): 543-545. - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1988. Les types d’Agamidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 10 (ser. 4) A (3), suppl.: 1-56
  • Camp, Charles Lewis 1923. Classification of the Lizards. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48 (11): 289-481. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Dhouailly D, Godefroit P, Martin T, Nonchev S, Caraguel F, Oftedal O. 2019. Getting to the root of scales, feather and hair: As deep as odontodes? Exp Dermatol. 28:503–508 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 1: Rainforest. Reptilia (GB) (40): 70-75 - get paper here
  • Fry, Bryan G.; Nicolas Vidal; Janette A. Norman; Freek J. Vonk; Holger Scheib; S. F. Ryan Ramjan; Sanjaya Kuruppu; Kim Fung; S. Blair Hedges; Michael K. Richardson; Wayne. C. Hodgson; Vera Ignjatovic; Robyn Summerhayes and Elazar Kochva 2005. Early evolution of the venom system in lizards and snakes. Nature 439:584-588 [2006] - get paper here
  • Hauschild, A. & Bosch, H. 1997. Bartagamen und Kragenechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 95 pp. [review in Draco 5 (22): 87] - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Melville J & Wilson S 2019. Dragon Lizards of Australia. Museum Victoria, 406 pp. [reviews in HR 51 (3): 633, Copeia 108 (3): 701, 2020]
  • Metcalfe, Dean C. and Trevor J. Hawkeswood. 2013. Pogona barbata (eastern bearded dragon) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 328 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2005. Bartagamen - die Gattung Pogona (STORR, 1982). Draco 5 (22): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2010. Bartagamen. Die Gattung Pogona. Artgerechte Haltung, Pflege und Zucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 167 pp [review in Iguana 25 (2): 15] - get paper here
  • Müller, Peter Maria 2002. Die Bartagame. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 78 pp. [reviews in Elaphe 23 (2): 23, and Draco 5 (22): 88] - get paper here
  • ORD, T. J.; D. A. KLOMP, J. GARCIA-PORTA & M. HAGMAN 2015. Repeated evolution of exaggerated dewlaps and other throat morphology in lizards. J. evol. Biol., doi: 10.1111/jeb.12709 - get paper here
  • Osborne, Will & Anke Maria Hoefer 2018. Frogs and reptiles found at Black Mountain: fifty years of records, from museum collections to community-based photo mapping. Black Mountain Symposium Background Paper No. 9 - get paper here
  • Palika, Liz 2003. Leben mit Bartagamen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 206 S. [review in Draco 5 (22): 84] - get paper here
  • Palika, Liz 2009. Leben mit Bartagamen, 8. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 206 pp. - get paper here
  • Rej JE, Joyner TA. 2018. Niche modeling for the genus Pogona (Squamata: Agamidae) in Australia: predicting past (late Quaternary) and future (2070) areas of suitable habitat. PeerJ 6:e6128 - get paper here
  • Rogner, M. 2014. Nach wie vor ideale Terrarientiere auch für Anfänger: Bartagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (110): 18-25
  • Schmida, G. 2005. Betrachtungen zu ostaustralischen Bartagamen. Draco 5 (22): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Shea, G. M. 2001. An overlooked senior synonym of Pogona barbata (Curvier, 1829) (Squamata: Agamidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (1): 124-127 - get paper here
  • SHEA, G. M. 2021. Rejection of an unused senior synonym imperiling the nomenclature of the genus Pogona (Squamata: Agamidae). Zootaxa 5048(2): 298–300 - get paper here
  • Simpson, KNG 1973. AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES AND MAMMALS OF THE MURRAY RIVER region between Mildura and Renmark, Australia. Mem. Nat. Mus. Vict. 34: 275-279 - get paper here
  • Srikulnath K, Azad B, Singchat W, Ezaz T 2019. Distribution and amplification of interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs) in Australian dragon lizards support frequent chromosome fusions in Iguania. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0212683 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1982. Revision of the bearded dragons (Lacertilia: Agamidae) of Western Australia with notes on the dismemberment of the genus Amphibolurus. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 19 (2): 199-214 - get paper here
  • Stössl, T. 1993. Pogona barbata (CUVIER, 1829). Sauria 15 Suppl.: 257–260 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zwinenberg, A.J. 1980. Die Bartagame Amhibolurus barbatus. Herpetofauna 2 (8): 8-11 - get paper here
 
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