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Polemon neuwiedi (JAN, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Polemon neuwiedi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAtractaspididae (Aparallactinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ivory Coast Snake-eater, Neuwied’s Polemon 
SynonymMicrosoma neuwiedi JAN 1858: 519
Elapomorphus (Urobelus) neuwiedi — JAN 1866
Miodon neuwiedii — BOULENGER 1896: 253
Cynodontophis neuwiedi — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 85
Polemon neuwiedi — WELCH 1994: 99
Polemon neuwiedi —TRAPE & MANÉ 2006 
DistributionMali, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso

Type locality: "des côtes de Guinée Christiansbourg). [=Christianbourg, Accra Region, southeastern Ghana, 5˚33'N, 0˚11'W].  
TypesHolotype: USTL, a 172 mm specimen (Wied-Neuwied), destroyed during World War II. 

Distribution: although this species has been reported from Nigeria (e.g. in Wallach et al. 2014), there seems to be no specific data or localities hence its presence in this country is questionable (B. Hughes, pers. comm. 12 Dec 2014). 
EtymologyNamed after Maximilian Alexander Philip, Prince zu Wied-Neuwied (1782-1867), an aristocratic explorer. After studying natural history at Georg-August-Universitat Göttingen, he entered the Prussian army (1802), ultimately becoming a Major-General. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. [detaileld review in HR 51 (1): 161] - get paper here
  • Hughes B 1978. A rare snake not so rare: Polemon neuwiedi in Ghana. NIGERIAN FIELD 43 (2): 86-88
  • Hughes, B. 2013. Snakes of Bénin, West Africa. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 144: 101-159
  • Jan, G. 1858. Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces des serpents. Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris (2) 10: 438-449, 514-527 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 15. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Rödel M O; Grabow K; Bockheler C; Mahsberg D 1995. Die Schlangen des Comoe-Nationalparks, Elfenbeinkuste (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Ser. A (BIOLOGIE) 528: 1-18 - get paper here
  • Segniagbeto GLazcano. H., Trape J. F., David P., Ohler A., Dubois A. & Glitho I. A. 2011. The snake fauna of Togo: systematics, distribution and biogeography, with remarks on selected taxonomic problems. Zoosystema 33 (3): 325-360. DOI: 10.5252/z2011n3a4 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mané, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp. - get paper here
  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338 - get paper here
  • Trape, Jean-François & Youssouph Mané 2017. The snakes of Mali. Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 (2): 107–133 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
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