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Porthidium volcanicum SOLORZANO, 1995

IUCN Red List - Porthidium volcanicum - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesG: Costa-Rica-Stülpnasenotter 
SynonymPorthidium volcanicum SOLORZANO 1995
Porthidium volcanicum — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 323
Porthidium volcanicum — SAVAGE 2002
Porthidium volcanicum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 577 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama

Type locality: "Ujarnis de Buenos Aires (Valle del General, suoeste de la provincia de Puntarenas, Costa Rica)."  
TypesHolotype: UCR 11642. 

Synonymy: previous records of P. lansbergii from W Panama to be based on individuals of Porthidium volcanicum.

Habitat: terrestrial 
  • Dwyer, Q. & Van Den Burgh, J. 2012. Geographic distribution: Porthidium volcanicum (Costa Rican hog-nosed pitviper). Herpetological Review 43: 308 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Costa Rica’s venomous snakes. Reptilia (GB) (48): 11-17 - get paper here
  • Porras, L.W. & Solórzano, A. 2006. Die Schlangen Costa Ricas. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (61): 20-27 - get paper here
  • RUIZ-CAMPOS, MARCO; LIBIA SANZ, FABIÁN BONILLA, MAHMOOD SASA, BRUNO LOMONTE, FAUSTO ZARUMA-TORRES, MARIA TERÁN, JULIÁN FERNÁNDEZ, JUAN J. CALVETE, CLEÓPATRA A. S. CALDEIRA & SAULO L. DA SILVA. 2021. Venomics of the poorly studied hognosed pitvipers Porthidium arcosae and Porthidium volcanicum. Journal of Proteomics 249: 104379. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Solorzano, A. 1994. Una nueva especie de serpiente venenosa terrestre del genero Porthidium (Serpentes: Viperidae), del Suroeste de Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 42: 695-701 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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