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Pristidactylus torquatus (PHILIPPI, 1861)

IUCN Red List - Pristidactylus torquatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Leiosaurinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Chile-Grosskopfleguan 
SynonymLeiosaurus torquatus PHILIPPI in PHILIPPI & LANDECK 1861
Leiosaurus valdivianus PHILIPPI in PHILIPPI & LANDECK 1861
Urostrophus torquatus — BOULENGER 1885: 124
Urostrophus ? valdivianus — BOULENGER 1885: 123
Cupriguanus torquatus — DONOSO-BARROS 1970
Urostrophus torquatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 276
Pristidactylus torquatus — ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1985
Pristidactylus torquatus — PYRON 2017 
DistributionChile (between 34th and 42nd degrees latitude; Chilan to Puerto Montt)

Type locality: Near Concepción, Chile.  
TypesHolotype: unlocated (fide D. Frost, AMNH Pleurodonta catalog) 
CommentPristidactylus torquatus appears to be paraphyletic and a sister species to Leiosaurus (Morando et al. 2015). However, these authors do not take any taxonomic consequences to resolve this. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Camousseigt, B. 2010. Ein Schutzprojekt für den Valeria-Großkopfleguan, Pristidactylus valeriae – mit Unterstützung der REPTILIA. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (85): 52-58 - get paper here
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos; Héctor Carrasco & Jaime Troncoso-Palacios. 2015. Lagartijas y serpientes del Parque Nacional Radal Siete Tazas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 12-16 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Donoso-Barros,R. 1970. Cátalogo herpetólogica chileno. Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Santiago 31: 49-124
  • Lamborot M; Diaz N F 1987. A new species of Pristidactylus (Sauria: Iguanidae) from central Chile and comments on the speciation in the genus. Journal of Herpetology 21 (1): 29-37 - get paper here
  • Montecinos Espinoza, R.M. & Formas, J,R. 1979. Distribution of the Chilean lizard Pristidactylus torquatus. Herpetological Review 10 (4): 121-122 - get paper here
  • Morando, Mariana; Melisa Olave, Luciano J. Avila, Eric Baker, and Jack W. Sites 2015. Molecular Phylogeny of the Lizard Clade Leiosaurae Endemic to Southern South America. Herpetologica Dec 2015, Vol. 71, No. 4: 322-331. - get paper here
  • Paull,D.; WILLIAMS,E.E. & HALL,W.P. 1976. Lizard karyotypes from the Galápagos Islands: chromosomes in phylogeny and evolution. Breviora (441): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Philippi, R.A. & Landeck, L. 1861. Neue Wirbelthiere von Chile. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 27 (1): 289-301 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander 2017. Novel Approaches for Phylogenetic Inference from Morphological Data and Total-Evidence Dating in Squamate Reptiles (Lizards, Snakes, and Amphisbaenians) Syst. Biol. 66 (1): 38–56
  • Reyes-Olivares, C. and Labra, A. 2017. Emission of sounds by native lizards of Chile: the state of the art. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 4: 1-9 - get paper here
  • Salas, Iván 2014. Un nuevo registro para la dieta de Pristidactylus torquatus (Phillipi 1861) (Squamata: Leiosauridae): comiendo una araña migalomorfa. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 13 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2019. Die Herrscher des Waldes – baumbewohnende Leguane. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (138): 14-19 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. & Busse, K. 2003. Es muss nicht immer tropisch sein: die Valdivianischen Regenwälder im südlichen Südamerika. Draco 4 (15): 34-38 - get paper here
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