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Pristurus collaris (STEINDACHNER, 1867)

IUCN Red List - Pristurus collaris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Collared Rock Gecko 
SynonymSpatalura collaris STEINDACHNER 1867
Pristurus collaris — BOULENGER 1885: 55
Pristurus carteri collaris — PARKER 1931: 515
Pristurus carteri collaris — LOVERIDGE 1947: 72
Pristurus carteri collaris — WERMUTH 1965: 149
Pristurus collaris — ARNOLD 1986: 371
Pristurus collaris — KLUGE 1993
Pristurus carteri collaris — TIEDEMANN et al. 1994
Pristurus collaris — RÖSLER 1995: 169
Pristurus collaris — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionSaudi Arabia (Aden), S Yemen

Type locality: unknown (fide WERMUTH 1965, ARNOLD 1986). “Mukalla” (designated by ARNOLD 1986: 371)  
TypesHolotype: NMW 17462: 1-4 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized member of the Pristurus carteri group (up to 52 mm from snout to vent); snout elongated, bluntly or acutely pointed; mental shorter than rostral and lips turned down- wards anteriorly, or not; axillary mite pockets often large; scattered enlarged scales on flanks absent or very weakly developed; 9-12 lamellae under first hind toe, 16-21 beneath fourth. Tail usually more than 90% of snout-vent distance in males, the tip quite pointed, its upper crest fairly homogeneous; autotomy and regeneration usually taking place only at the base. Quite large grey spots usually present on sides of throat; a strong dark collar present in both sexes; usually seven (occasionally six) dark areas, which may be divided, on back from neck to vent, one of them at the level of the forelegs and three or four between the pairs of limbs. Supraoccipital area of skull approaching the vertical [ARNOLD 1986]. 
CommentVariation: coloration in alcohol quite variable with unpatterned to strongly patterned specimens (NMW specimens). 
EtymologyThe species is named after the Latin word collaris meaning collar (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp. - get paper here
  • Anderson, John 1901. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained by Mr. A. Blayney Percival in southern Arabia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1901 (2): 137-152 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N. 2009. Relationships, evolution and biogeography of Semaphore geckos, Pristurus (Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae) based on morphology. Zootaxa 2060: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Parker,H.W. 1931. Some reptiles and amphibians from S.E. Arabia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (10) 8: 514-522 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H.; Köhler, J. & Böhme, W. 2008. A new species of the diurnal gekkonid genus Pristurus Rüppell, 1835 from the Red Sea island Hanish al-Kabir, Yemen. Amphibia-Reptilia 29: 217-227 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Steindachner, Franz 1903. Batrachier und Reptilien von Südarabien und Sokotra, gesammelt während der südarabischen Expedition der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturwiss. Kl., 112, Abt. 1: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F.; Häupl,M. & Grillitsch,H. 1994. Katalog der Typen der herpetologischen Sammlung nach dem Stand vom 1. Jänner 1994. Teil II: Reptilia. Kat. wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10 (Vertebrata 4): 1-110
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