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Proctoporus guentheri (BOETTGER, 1891)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Günther's Lightbulb Lizard 
SynonymOreosaurus Guentheri BOETTGER 1891: 345
Oreosaurus ocellifer BOULENGER 1902: 400
Prionodactylus ocellifer — WERNER 1916: 307
Oreosaurus anomalus BARBOUR & NOBLE 1921: 614
Proctoporus guentheri — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 239
Proctoporus guentheri — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Proctoporus guentheri — DOAN & SCHARGEL 2003 
DistributionBolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Peru (Cusco); elevation 1000-3200 m.

Type locality: Sorata, Bolivia.  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.31.22 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: USNM 60704 [Oreosaurus anomalus] 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970. 
EtymologyNamed after Albert Günther (1830-1914), German-born zoologist at the British Museum. 
  • Barbour, Thomas & Noble, G. K. 1921. Amphibians and reptiles from southern Peru collected by the Peruvian expedition of 1914-1915 under the auspices of Yale University and the National Geographic Society. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 58 (2352): 609-620 [1920] - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boettger, Oskar 1891. Reptilien und Batrachier aus Bolivien. Zool. Anz. 14: 343-347 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1902. Descriptions of new batrachians and reptiles from the Andes of Peru and Bolivia [Elaps regularis not assigned]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 10 (59): 394-402 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L., P. L. IBISCH, J. KÖHLER & W. BÖHME 1995. Zur Herpetofauna der semihumiden Samaipata-Region, Bolivien. II Reptilien. Herpetofauna 17 (99): 15-28 - get paper here
  • Doan, T. M. & Castoe, T.A. 2003. Using morphological and molecular evidence to infer species boundaries within Proctoporus bolivianus Werner (Squamata: Gymnopthalmidae). Herpetologica 59 (3): 432–449 - get paper here
  • Doan, T.F.; Castoe, T.A. & Arizábal Arriaga, W. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Proctoporus sensu stricto (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), with a new species from Puno, Southeastern Peru. Herpetologica 61 (3): 325-336 - get paper here
  • Doan, T.M. & Schargel, W.E. 2003. Bridging the gap in Proctoporus distribution: a new species (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Andes of Venezuela. Herpetologica 59 (1): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Emmons, L. H. 1991. Observations on the herpetofauna. In: Parker, T. & Bailey, B. (eds.): A biological assessment of the Alto Madidi region and adjacent areas of Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 1: 74.
  • Goicoechea, Noemí; José M. Padial, Juan C. Chaparro, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher, Ignacio De la Riva 2012. Molecular phylogenetics, species diversity, and biogeography of the Andean lizards of the genus Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65 (3): 953–964 [print version published in 2013],
  • Köhler, G. and E. Lehr 2004. Comments on Euspondylus and Proctoporus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Peru, with the description of three new species and a key to the Peruvian species. Herpetologica 60 (4):501-518 - get paper here
  • Uzzell, T. M. 1970. Teiid lizards of the genus Proctoporus from Bolivia and Peru. Postilla 142: 1-39. - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1916. Bemerkungen über einige niedere Wirbeltiere der Anden von Kolumbien mit Beschreibungen neuer Arten. Zool. Anz. 47: 301-311 - get paper here
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