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Pseudechis porphyriacus (SHAW, 1794)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Red-bellied Black Snake, Australian black snake
G: Rotbäuchige Schwarzotter 
SynonymColuber porphyriacus SHAW 1794: 27
Trimeresurus leptocephalus LACÉPÈDE 1804: 209
Acanthophis tortor LESSON 1830
Naja porphyrica SCHLEGEL 1837: 479 (in error pro Coluber porphyriacus)
Trimeresurus porphyreus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1247
Pseudechis porphyraicus [sic] MCCOY 1867 (in error pro Coluber porphyriacus)
Pseudechys porphyriacus — MCCOY 1878
Pseudechis porphyriacus — LONGMAN 1915: 30
Pseudechis porphyriacus — COGGER 1983
Pseudechis porphyriacus — WELCH 1994: 103
Pseudechis porphyriacus — COGGER 2000: 668
Pseudechis porphyriacus eipperi HOSER 2003
Pseudechis porphyriacus rentoni HOSER 2003
Pseudechis porphyriacus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Pseudechis porphyriacus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 597
Pseudechis porphyriacus — MIRTSCHIN et al. 2017 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)  
TypesHolotype: lost (likely to have been in BMNH), New Holland [Australia] by inference. See Shaw (1801), who reported that the species was described from a single specimen.
Lectotype: RMNH unnumbered (only syntype located), from Australia, designated by Cogger 1983 [leptocephalus]
Syntypes: unlocated, from Australasia (Port Jackson, N. S. W. and New South Wales) [tortor] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Synonymy: P. p. eipperi and rentoni are probably synonyms of the nominate form, P. porphyriacus (W. WÜSTER, pers. comm., 15 Dec 2010).


Type species: Coluber porphyriacus SHAW 1794: 27 is the type species of the genus Pseudechis WAGLER 1830.

Distribution: see map of localities in MADDOCK et al. 2016.

Diagnosis (genus): Cogger 1986 (fide Hutchinson 1990, who doesn’t cite Cogger 1986). 
EtymologyNamed after Greek porphyra (= purple, violet), alluding to the crimson ventral and side colouration.

The genus was named after Greek pseudos (= false) and the genus Echis, alluding to the separation of the type species P. porphyriacus from Echis. 
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