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Pseudemys floridana (LE CONTE, 1830)

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Florida Cooter
G: Florida-Schmuckschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo Floridana LE CONTE 1830: 100
Emys Floridana — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 285
Pseudemys floridana — BAUR 1893: 223
Chrysemys floridana — FRITZ 1981
Chrysemys floridana hoyi — FRITZ & BIENERT 1981
Pseudemys floridana — WARD 1984: 40
Chrysemys floridana floridana — DENZER 1986
Pseudemys floridana floridana — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 68
Pseudemys floridana — IVERSON 1992:194
Pseudemys concinna floridana — SEIDEL 1994
Pseudemys concinna floridana — CROTHER 2000
Pseudemys floridana — THOMSON et al. 2008
Pseudemys floridana — JENSEN et al. 2008: 491
Pseudemys floridana — WERNING 2009
Pseudemys floridana — AKERET 2009
Pseudemys concinna floridana — ERNST & LOVICH 2009
Pseudemys floridana floridana — RHODIN et al. 2010
Pseudemys floridana — CHAPIN & MEYLAN 2011
Pseudemys concinna floridana — CROTHER et al. 2012
Pseudemys floridana — ARESCO et al. 2015
Pseudemys floridana — KELLEY & FINGER 2016
Pseudemys concinna floridana — TTWG 2017: 60 (status undecided)
Pseudemys concinna floridana — CROTHER et al. 2017
Pseudemys concinna floridana — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017
Pseudemys floridana — PADEN et al. 2018
Pseudemys floridana — TTWG 2021 
DistributionUSA (along the Atlantic Coastal Plain in North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, and west across the Gulf Coastal Plain in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, E Texas, Oklahoma, SE Kansas, Arkansas, S Missouri, SW Indiana, W Kentucky, W Tennessee, Virginia)

Type locality: "St. John's river of East Florida" [USA]  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 9172 (designated by R. Bour, pers. comm. cited in Iverson 1992: 192; see also Bour 2003); paralectotype: MNHN-RA 9171.
Syntype: MNHN-RA 91170 (R. Bour, pers. comm. cited in Iverson 1992: 192) See also Bour 2003. [floridana]
Holotype: UMMZ 81673 [suwanniensis]
Holotype: ANSP 242 [mobilensis]
Holotype: USNM 79631 [elonae]
Holotype: USNM 7173, female [metteri]
Holotype: USNM 79632 [Pseudemys vioscana]
Neotype: USNM 55516 [Ptychemys hoyi] 
CommentSee also Pseudemys concinna.

Diet: herbivorous. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Akeret, B. 2009. Unter und über Wasser durch die Karstgewässer Floridas. Draco 10 (37): 24-29 - get paper here
  • Aresco, Matthew J.; Joseph Travis, and Pamela S. D. MacRae 2015. Trophic Interactions of Turtles in a North Florida Lake Food Web: Prevalence of Omnivory. Copeia 2015 (2): 343-356. - get paper here
  • Baur, G. 1893. Notes on the classification and taxonomy of the Testudinata. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 31: 210-225 - get paper here
  • Chapin, Kenneth J. and Peter A. Meylan 2011. Turtle Populations at a Heavily Used Recreational Site: Ichetucknee Springs State Park, Columbia County, Florida. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 51-60 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.). 2017. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding. 8th edition. SSAR Herpetological Circular 43: 1-104 - get paper here
  • Denzer, W. 1986. Die Herpetofauna Südfloridas, Teil 2: Die natürlichen Amphibien - und Reptilienpopulationen nearktischen Ursprungs. Sauria 8 (3): 23-26 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. 1981. Synonymie von Chrysemys concinna (LE CONTE 1830) mit Chrysemys floridana (LE CONTE 1830) mit Berücksichtigung von Chrysemys rubriventris (LE CONTE 1830), WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961. Herpetofauna 3 (11): 31-33 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Bienert, H.-D. 1981. Übersicht über die neuweltliche Sumpfschildkrötengattung Chrysemys GRAY (Pseudemys GRAY = Synonym für Chrysemys GRAY). Herpetofauna 3 (10): 17-22 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Kelley, Meghan D. and John W. Finger, Jr. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Pseudemys floridana (Coastal Plain Cooter). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 254 - get paper here
  • Le Conte, J. 1830. Description of the species of North American tortoises. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 3 [1829]: 91-131. - get paper here
  • Paden, L; Ondich, B L; Norton, T M; Alterman, A & Steen, D A; 2018. Geographic Distribution: Pseudemys floridana (Florida Cooter). Herpetological Review 49 (4): 712-713 - get paper here
  • Seidel, M. E. 1994. Morphometric analysis and taxonomy of cooter and red-bellied turtles in the North American genus Pseudemys (Emydidae). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1 (2): 117-130
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae. Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E.; and Palmer, William M 1991. Morphological variation in turtles of the genus Pseudemys (Testudines: Emydidae) from central Atlantic drainages. Brimleyana 17: 105-135 - get paper here
  • Thomson, Robert C.; Andrew M. Shedlock, Scott V. Edwards and H. Bradley Shaffer 2008. Developing markers for multilocus phylogenetics in non-model organisms: A test case with turtles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 514-525 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Ward, J.P. 1984. Relationships of the Chrysemyd turtles of North America (Testudines: Emydidae). Special Publications of the Museum of the Texas Technological University 21: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Florida - ein kleiner herpetologischer Reiseführer. Draco 10 (37): 4-23 - get paper here
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