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Pseudoboa neuwiedii (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Dark-headed Red Falseboa, Neuwied's False Boa
Portuguese: Ratonel, Ratonera 
SynonymScytale neuwiedii DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1001
Olisthenes euphaeus COPE 1859: 296
Rhinocheilus thominoti — BOCOURT 1887: 45
Pseudoboa robinsoni STEJNEGER 1902: 190 (fide AMARAL 1926)
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — STEJNEGER 1902: 189
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — BEEBE 1946: 39
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 254
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — VILLA et al. 1988
Pseudoboa neuwiedi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 628
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — ZAHER et al. 2008
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 599
Pseudoboa neuwiedii — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama, Peru,
Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela (Mérida [Esqueda & La Marca 1999], Cojedes), Isla Margarita, Brazil (Amazonas, Pará),
Lesser Antilles: Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada

Type locality: Côte Ferme and Brasil; restricted to Cumaná, Venezuela, by Hoge and Lancini, 1960.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 3779
Holotype: USNM 22532 [Pseudoboa robinsoni] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: see Cunha & Nascimenta 1983: 28 (in Portuguese)  
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

ZAHER et al. (2008) nicely illustrate the ontogenetic shift of color patterns in this species.

Distribution: This species has been reported from Peru, but without specific locality (T. Doan, pers. comm. 30 Apr 2012). See map in Nogueira et al. 2019. 
EtymologyNamed after Maximilian Alexander Philip, Prince zu Wied-Neuwied (1782-1867), an aristocratic explorer. After studying natural history at Georg-August-Universitat Göttingen, he entered the Prussian army (1802), ultimately becoming a Major-General. 
References
  • Abarca, Juan G.; Julie M. Ray 2021. First Record of Neuwied’s False Boa, Pseudoboa neuwiedii (Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril 1854), in Costa Rica. Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (1): 8-9 - get paper here
  • Acuña-Vargas, J. C. 2016. Anfibios y Reptiles asociados a cinco coberturas de la tierra, municipio de Dibulla, La Guajira, Colombia. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n. s.), 32(2): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Notas de ophiologia. I. Sobre a invalidez de um genero e algumas especies de ophidios Sul-Americanos. Rev. Mus. Paulista 14: 17-33
  • Auguste, Renoir J. 2019. Herpetofaunal checklist for six pilot protected areas in Trinidad and Tobago. Herpetology Notes 12: 577-585 - get paper here
  • Beebe, William 1946. Field notes on the snakes of Kartabo, British Guiana, and Caripito, Venezuela. Zoologica 31: 11-52 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blanco-Torres, Argelina; Lina Báez S., Edgar Patiño-Flores, Juan M. Renjifo-R. 2013. Herpetofauna from the middle valley of the Ranchería river, La Guajira, Colombia. Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop. 3 (2): 113-22
  • Bocourt, M. F 1887. Le Naturaliste (2) 9: 45 - get paper here
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen van de Guyanas Deel VII. Lacerta 61 (6): 221-234 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1860. Notes and descriptions of foreign reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1859: 294-297 - get paper here
  • Cunha, O.R. da and Nascimento, F.P. 1983. Ofidios da Amazonia. XIX. As expécies de Oxyrhopus Wagler, com uma subespécie nova, e Pseudoboa Schneider, na Amaônia orientale e Maranhão (Ophidia: Colubridae). Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, zool. 112: 42 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Esqueda,L.F. & La Marca,E. 1999. New Reptilian species records from the Cordillera de Mérida, Andes of Venezuela. Herpetological Review 30 (4): 238-240 - get paper here
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  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hoge, A. R. & Lancini, A.R. 1960. Notas sobre la ubicación de la tierra típica de varias especies de "serpentes" colectadas por M. Beauperthuis en la "Côte Ferme" y en la "Provluce de Vénézuéla.". Bol. Mus. cien. Nat. Caracas 6-7: 58-62
  • Kelehear, C & Graham, S P; 2018. Pseudoboa neuwiedii (Neuwied’s False Boa) Ectoparasite. Herpetological Review 49 (4): 762-763 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lozano, Sergio A.; Teddy Angarita Sierra. 2018. Pseudoboa neuwiedi (Duméril, Bibron y Duméril,1854) Candelilla, falsa coral macho, víbora de sangre, mataganado. Catálogo de Anfibios y Reptiles de Colombia 4 (1): 60-67 - get paper here
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1): 103-122 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1972. Herpetofauna tobagana. Stuttgarter Beitr. zur Naturkunde nr. 252 22 pp. - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Guilherme Nunes Ferreira; Michela Rossane Cavilha Scupino (eds.) 2018. Herpetofauna da Amazônia Central: Estudos na FLONA de Saracá-Taquera. Curitiba, Pr: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas, Pa: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A., 2018.<br />210p. - get paper here
  • Muñoz-Saba, Yaneth; Nathaly Calvo-Roa, Paul Andrés Gómez-Sandoval, Diego Casallas-Pabón John Douglas Lynch, Lucas S. Barrientos, Diego A. Gómez-Sánchez. 2019. Guía de campo de los mamíferos, anfibios y reptiles de Santa María (Boyacá, Colombia). Serie Guías de Campo del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales. N° 23. Bogotá D.C. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá. 317 p - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
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