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Pseudocalotes flavigula (SMITH, 1924)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Malaya False Bloodsucker, Yellow-throated Forest Agamid, Yellow-throated False Garden Lizard
G: Gelbkehl-Spitzkopfagame 
SynonymCalotes flavigula SMITH 1924: 182
Calotes flavigula — SMITH 1930: 27
Calotes flavigula — WERMUTH 1967: 37
Pseudocalotes flavigula — MOODY 1980
Pseudocalotes flavigula — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 200
Pseudocalotes flavigula — MACEY et al. 2000 (see comment)
Pseudocalotes flavigula — GRISMER 2011
Pseudocalotes flavigula — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionWest Malaysia (Pahang, Gunong (= Mt.) Brinchang; Tanah Rata (village))

Type locality: Cameron Highlands (5000-6000 feet elevation), Malay Peninsula.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.11.14 
CommentSmith (1924) described Pseudocalotes flavigula from a single specimen collected from the mossy forest along Brinchang Trail in Cameron Highlands (Fig. 13). Smith’s (1924) description was rather brief but was significantly augmented by Grismer (2011) with the examination of another specimen collected from Brinchang Trail (ZRC 2.5162) reported by (Leong 2001) and an additional specimen from Tanah Rata (FMNH 143903).

Variation: The color pattern in P. flavigula is quite variable (Fig. 12). The dark, dorsal bands range from brown to black and from to distinct and diffuse to barely visible. The light-colored upper lip, lateral throat and proximal section of the brachium can range from immaculate white to lime-green and it may or may not extend onto the anterior portion of the flanks. There is considerable variation in overall ground color that ranges from dull-white to lime-green which we attribute to substrate matching (Fig. 12) (Grismer et al. 2016).

Similar species: The specimen from MACEY et al. (2000) has become holotype of a new species, Pseudocalotes larutensis Hallermann & McGuire, 2001.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Denzer, W. & MANTHEY, U. 1991. A nominal checklist of the lizards inhabiting Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Raffles Bull. Zool., 39(2): 309-322 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; EVAN S. H. QUAH, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, ABDUL MUIN, HAYDEN R. DAVIS, MATTHEW L. MURDOCH, JESSE L. GRISMER, MICHAEL COTA & ANTHONY J. COBOS 2016. Dragons in the mist: three new species of Pseudocalotes Fitzinger (Squamata: Agamidae) from the sky island archipelago of Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 4136 (3): 461–490 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. & W. Böhme 2000. A review of the genus Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae), with description of a new species from West Malaysia. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (2): 193-210 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, Jakob and Jimmy A. McGuire 2001. A new species of Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from Bukit Larut, West Malaysia. Herpetologica 57 (3):255-265 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, Jakob; Nguyen Quang Truong, Nikolai Orlov, and Natalia Ananjeva 2010. A new species of the genus Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (1): 31-40 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1924. Two new lizards and a new tree frog from the Malay Peninsula. J. Fed. Malay St. Mus., Singapore, 11:183-186. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1930. The Reptilia and Amphibia of the Malay Peninsula fromt he Isthmus of Kra to Singapore, including the adjacent Islands. A Supplement to G.A. Boulenger’s Reptilia and Batrachia 1912. Bull. Raffles Mus. No. 3: 1-149
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