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Pseudocordylus microlepidotus (CUVIER, 1829)

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus (CUVIER 1829)
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus (SMITH 1838)
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis HEWITT 1927 
Common Namesmicrolepidotus: (Western) Cape Crag Lizard
fasciatus: Karoo Crag Lizard, Eastern Cape Crag Lizard
namaquensis: Nuweveldberg Crag Lizard 
SynonymCordylus microlepidotus CUVIER 1829: plate 6
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) montanus SMITH 1838
Zonurus microlepidotus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 361
Zonurus microlepidotus — BOULENGER 1885: 259
Cordylus microlepidotus — FROST et al. 2001

Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus (CUVIER 1829)
Cordylus microlepidotus CUVIER 1829
Zonurus microlepidotus — GRAY 1831
Zonurus wittii SCHLEGEL 1834
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) montanus SMITH 1838
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus — HEWITT 1927
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus — FITZSIMONS 1943
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus — BATES et al. 2014: 203

Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus (SMITH 1838)
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) fasciatus SMITH 1838
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) algoensis SMITH 1838
Pseudocordylus fasciatus — HEWITT 1927: 381
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus — FITZSIMONS 1943
Cordylus fasciatus — CITES 2002
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus — BATES et al. 2014: 204

Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis HEWITT 1927
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis HEWITT 1927: 392
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis — STANLEY et al. 2011
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis — BATES et al. 2014: 205 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (throughout Cape fold mountains, inland mountain ranges of old Cape excarpment, and S Transkei)

microlepidotus: Republic of South Africa (Western and Eastern Cape). Type locality: “Africa”

fasciatus: Republic of South Africa (inland mountains of Eastern Cape); Type locality: South Africa [= rocky hills near Grahamstown].

namaquensis: Republic of South Africa (N and W Cape); Type locality: “Namaqualand”  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.8.49 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): Body subcylindrical in cross-section, medium to very large-bodied (maximum SVL 76–145 mm), robust. Limbs long, digits unreduced. Dorsal scales granular or larger scales separated by granules, tail spiny; occipital spines not present. Tongue unpigmented. Osteoderms restricted to tail and dorsum of head. Sexually dichromatic in some populations. Viviparous, giving birth to 1–7 young. 
CommentType species: Cordylus montanus SMITH 1838 is the type species of the (sub-) genus Pseudocordylus SMITH 1838. 
EtymologyNamed after its relatively small scales (Greek “lepis” = scale, peel, “lepidotos” = scaly). 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Conradie, Werner; Brian Reeves , Neil Brown, & Jan A. Venter 2016. Herpetofauna of the Oviston, Commando Drift and Tsolwana nature reserves in the arid interior of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Indago 32: 81-98 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Essex, R. 1925. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Acontias and notes on some other lizards found in the Cape Province. Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 332-342.
  • Hewitt, J. 1927. Further descriptions of reptiles and batrachians from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. (Grahamstown) 3 (5): 371-415
  • Kruschenski, V. & C. Kässer 2014. Südafrika. Zwischen Reptilien und den Big Five. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (106): 82-93
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324. - get paper here
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Smith, A. 1838. Contributions to South African zoology. Art. VI. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 30-33 - get paper here
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
  • Villiers, André de, P. le Fras N. Mouton and Alexander Flemming. 2015. Generation glands of cordylid lizards: mechanism of secretion transfer to the environment. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (4): 351-360 - get paper here
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