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Pseudocordylus microlepidotus (CUVIER, 1829)

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesPseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus (CUVIER 1829)
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus (SMITH 1838)
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis HEWITT 1927 
Common Namesmicrolepidotus: (Western) Cape Crag Lizard
fasciatus: Karoo Crag Lizard, Eastern Cape Crag Lizard
namaquensis: Nuweveldberg Crag Lizard 
SynonymCordylus microlepidotus CUVIER 1829: plate 6
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) montanus SMITH 1838
Zonurus microlepidotus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 361
Zonurus microlepidotus — BOULENGER 1885: 259
Cordylus microlepidotus — FROST et al. 2001

Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus (CUVIER 1829)
Cordylus microlepidotus CUVIER 1829
Zonurus microlepidotus — GRAY 1831
Zonurus wittii SCHLEGEL 1834
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) montanus SMITH 1838
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus — HEWITT 1927
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus — FITZSIMONS 1943
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus microlepidotus — BATES et al. 2014: 203

Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus (SMITH 1838)
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) fasciatus SMITH 1838
Cordylus (Pseudocordylus) algoensis SMITH 1838
Pseudocordylus fasciatus — HEWITT 1927: 381
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus — FITZSIMONS 1943
Cordylus fasciatus — CITES 2002
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus — STANLEY et al. 2011
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus fasciatus — BATES et al. 2014: 204

Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis HEWITT 1927
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis HEWITT 1927: 392
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis — STANLEY et al. 2011
Pseudocordylus microlepidotus namaquensis — BATES et al. 2014: 205 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (throughout Cape fold mountains, inland mountain ranges of old Cape excarpment, and S Transkei)

microlepidotus: Republic of South Africa (Western and Eastern Cape). Type locality: “Africa”

fasciatus: Republic of South Africa (inland mountains of Eastern Cape); Type locality: South Africa [= rocky hills near Grahamstown].

namaquensis: Republic of South Africa (N and W Cape); Type locality: “Namaqualand”  
ReproductionOvoviviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.8.49 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): Body subcylindrical in cross-section, medium to very large-bodied (maximum SVL 76–145 mm), robust. Limbs long, digits unreduced. Dorsal scales granular or larger scales separated by granules, tail spiny; occipital spines not present. Tongue unpigmented. Osteoderms restricted to tail and dorsum of head. Sexually dichromatic in some populations. Viviparous, giving birth to 1–7 young (Stanley et al. 2011). 
CommentType species: Cordylus montanus SMITH 1838 is the type species of the (sub-) genus Pseudocordylus SMITH 1838. 
EtymologyNamed after its relatively small scales (Greek “lepis” = scale, peel, “lepidotos” = scaly). 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Conradie, Werner; Brian Reeves , Neil Brown, & Jan A. Venter 2016. Herpetofauna of the Oviston, Commando Drift and Tsolwana nature reserves in the arid interior of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Indago 32: 81-98 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Essex, R. 1925. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Acontias and notes on some other lizards found in the Cape Province. Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 332-342.
  • Hewitt, J. 1927. Further descriptions of reptiles and batrachians from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. (Grahamstown) 3 (5): 371-415
  • Kruschenski, V. & C. Kässer 2014. Südafrika. Zwischen Reptilien und den Big Five. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (106): 82-93
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324. - get paper here
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Smith, A. 1838. Contributions to South African zoology. Art. VI. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 30-33 - get paper here
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
  • Villiers, André de, P. le Fras N. Mouton and Alexander Flemming. 2015. Generation glands of cordylid lizards: mechanism of secretion transfer to the environment. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (4): 351-360 - get paper here
 
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