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Pseudonaja affinis GÜNTHER, 1872

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesPseudonaja affinis affinis GÜNTHER 1872
Pseudonaja affinis exilis STORR 1989
Pseudonaja affinis tanneri WORRELL 1961 
Common NamesE: Dugite 
SynonymPseudonaja affinis GÜNTHER 1872: 35
Demansia affinis — FRY 1914: 193
Demansia textilis affinis — LOVERIDGE 1934
Demansia nuchalis affinis — WORRELL 1961
Demansia nuchalis tanneri — WORRELL 1961: 56
Pseudonaja nuchalis affinis — WORRELL 1963
Pseudonaja affinis — COGGER 1983: 232
Pseudonaja affinis — COGGER 2000: 670
Dugitophis affinis affinis — WELLS 2002
Pseudonaja affinis charlespiersoni HOSER 2009
Pseudonaja affinis charlespiersoni — HOSER 2012 (preliminary)
Pseudonaja affinis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 604

Pseudonaja affinis exilis STORR 1989
Dugitophis affinis exilis — WELLS 2002
Pseudonaja affinis exilis — HALLERMANN 2020

Pseudonaja affinis tanneri WORRELL 1961
Demansia nuchalis tanneri WORRELL 1961
Dugitophis affinis tanneri — WELLS 2002
Pseudonaja tanneri — BEOLENS et al. 2011 
DistributionAustralia (South Australia, Western Australia)

affinis: coastal SW Western Australia; Type locality: Australia

exilis: Rottnest Island, Western Australia; Type locality: Rottnest Island, Western Australia.

tanneri: Western Australia: Boxer Island and other offshore islands; Type locality: Boxer Island, REcherche Archipelago, Western Australia.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.19.77.
Holotype: WAM 19870 [exilis]
Holotype: NMV D9819, from Boxer Is., Recherche Archipelago, W. A. [tanneri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis in SKINNER 2009. 
  • Bush, B. 1981. Reptiles of the Kalgoorlie-Esperance Region. B. Bush, Perth, 46 pp - get paper here
  • Bush, B. & Maryan, B. 2006. Snakes and Snake-like Reptiles of Southern Western Australia. Snakes Harmful & Harmless, Stoneville, Perth, Western Australia, 40 pp. - get paper here
  • CLEUREN, SILKE G.C.; MATTHEW B. PATTERSON, DAVID P. HOCKING, NATALIE M. WARBURTON & ALISTAIR R. EVANS. 2022. Fang shape varies with ontogeny and sex in the venomous elapid snake Pseudonaja affinis. Journal of Morphology 283(3): 287–295. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Fry, D. B. 1914. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Western Australia. Rec. West. Austral. Mus. 1:174-210 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1872. Seventh account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 13-37 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2009. Eight new taxa in the genera Pseudonaja Gunther 1858, Oxyuranus Kinghorn 1923, and Panacedechis Wells and Wellington 1985 (Serpentes:Elapidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 4: 1-27 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Maryan, Brad 1996. The Dugite or spotted brown snake Pseudonaja affinis. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 26 (2): 22-34
  • Skinner, Adam 2009. A multivariate morphometric analysis and systematic review of Pseudonaja (Serpentes, Elapidae, Hydrophiinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155 (1): 171-197 - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Stephen C. Donnellan; Mark N. Hutchinson and Rhonda G. Hutchinson 2005. A phylogenetic analysis of Pseudonaja (Hydrophiinae, Elapidae, Serpentes) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 37 (2): 558-571 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1979. Dangerous Snakes of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum Press 3rd edn., 24 pp.
  • Storr, G.M. 1989. A new Pseudonaja (Serpentes, Elapidae) from Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Perth 14(3): 421–423
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wells, Richard W. 2002. Taxonomy of the Genus Pseudonaja (Reptilia: Elapidae) in Australia. Australian Biodiversity Record (7): 1-41
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wolfe, Ashleigh K; Philip W Bateman, Patricia A Fleming, 2018. Does urbanization influence the diet of a large snake? Current Zoology, Volume 64, Issue 3, June , Pages 311–318, - get paper here
  • Worrell, E. 1961. A new insular brown snake. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W. 1958-59: 56-58 - get paper here
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