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Pseudoxenodon inornatus (BOIE, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Pseudoxenodon inornatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Pseudoxenodontinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesPseudoxenodon inornatus jacobsonii LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922
Pseudoxenodon inornatus inornatus (BOIE 1827)
Pseudoxenodon inornatus buettikoferi BRONGERSMA & HELLE 1951 
Common NamesE: Dull Bamboo Snake, Javanese False Cobra 
SynonymXenodon inornatus BOIE 1827
Pseudoxenodon inornatus — BOULENGER 1893: 272
Pseudoxenodon inornatus — DE ROOIJ 1917: 56
Pseudoxenodon inornatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 384
Pseudoxenodon inornatus — RAHADIAN & DAS 2013
Pseudoxenodon inornatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 609

Pseudoxenodon inornatus buettikoferi BRONGERSMA & HELLE, 1951
Pseudoxenodon inornatus büttikoferi BRONGERSMA & HELLE, 1951
Pseudoxenodon buettikoferi — RAHADIAN & DAS 2013

Pseudoxenodon inornatus jacobsonii LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922
Pseudoxenodon jacobsonii LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922: 240
Pseudoxenodon jacobsonii — BRONGERSMA 1950
Pseudoxenodon jacobsoni — ROBINSON & KLOSS 1923
Pseudoxenodon inornatus jacobsonii — BRONGERSMA & HELLE 1951
Pseudoxenodon jacobsoni — RAHADIAN & DAS 2013 
Distributionjacobsonii: Indonesia: endemic to Sumatra.

inornatus: Indonesia (Java); Type locality: "Java." Emended to Tjihandjawar (at the foot of Mt. Pangerango, W. Java) by Brongersma, 1950: 1499. [=Tjihandjawo=Cihanyaro, Jawa Barat, western Jawa, southwestern Indonesia, 07˚03'S, 108˚40'E]. Other localities: 07°23’00” S; 107°43’00” E, 06°52’19” S; 106°56’57” E (Rahadian & Das 2013); Type locality: Cihanjawar (06°50’01” S; 106°49’02” E), at the foot of Gunung Pangrango, Jawa Barat Province, Indonesia.

buettikoferi: Indonesia (Kalimantan); Type locality: Liang Kulung, Central Borneo  
TypesHolotype: RMNH 233, a 464-470 mm male (H. Kuhl and J.C. Van Hasselt, 1821).
Holotype: RMNH 9505, male, paratypes: RMNH, male + female leg. Dr. J. Büttikofer [buettikoferi]
Holotype: RMNH RA 4693, collected by E. Jacobson in July, 1915 [jacobsonii] 
CommentThis species can flare its ”neck” similar to a cobra, hence its name “false cobra”.

Distribution: not listed for Borneo by Stuebing et al. 2014.

Synonymy: Wallach et al. 2014 list buettikoferi as synonym of inornatus. 
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis von Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • BRONGERSMA, L. D., AND W. HELLE 1951. Notes on Indo-Australian snakes. Proceedings of the Section on Science, Koninlijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 54C:1–8.
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1922. Snakes from Sumatra. Zoologische Mededelingen 6: 239-253. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Rahadian, Rudy and Indraneil Das. 2013. A new record of Pseudoxenodon inornatus (Boie in Boie, 1827) from Gunung Gedeh National Park, West Java, Indonesia (Squamata: Pseudoxenodontidae). Hamadryad 36 (2): 174-177 - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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