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Pygmaeascincus sadlieri (GREER, 1991)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Magnetic Island Dwarf Skink 
SynonymMenetia sadlieri GREER 1991
Menetia sadlieri — COGGER 2000: 764
Menetia sadlieri — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 318
Menetia sadlieri — COGGER 2014: 657
Pygmaeascincus sadlieri — COUPER & HOSKIN 2014 
DistributionAustralia (CE Queensland: Magnetic Island)

Type locality: Magnetic Island (19°08’S, 146°50’E)  
TypesHolotype: QM J 24448 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “Differs from all other Menetia in the following combination of characters: frontoparietals and interparietals fused; pretemporals two, and upper palpebrals enlarged. Description.-Squamation generally similar to M. koshlandae but apparently differing as follows: supraoculars two; transversely enlarged nuchals variable, totaling more than two. In preservative, dorsum of head mottled light and dark brown; dorsum of back and tail light brown; a narrow pale dorsolateral stripe extends from canthus posteriorly onto body; sides of body dark brown; throat pale; venter of body light brown. Details of holotype.-The holotype has paravertebrals 55; supradigital scales 8/9; subdigital lamellae 15/15; presacral vertebrae 31; SVL 22.5 mm; tail length 28.5 mm (7 mm regenerated); sex undetermined.” (Greer 1991)

Comparisons. “Only a few Australian skinks besides the three of the Menetia timlowi species group have the frontoparietals and interparietals fused into a single scale: Carlia rhomboidalis and C. rubrigularis Cryptoblepharus; certain Lerista; and Morethia. The Menetia timlowi species group can be readily distinguished from all these by the combination of four digits on the front foot, and six supralabials with the fourth subocular. Within the Menetia timlowi species group, M. koshlandae is easily distinguished from its two relatives in having small instead of enlarged upper palpebrals, and enlarged nuchals totaling only two (one on each side) instead of more than two (Fig. la-b). Menetia timlowi can be distinguished by having a single pretemporal instead of two (Fig. lc-d), and M. sadlieri by the combination of enlarged palpebrals and two pretemporals (Fig. le-f; see also Table 1).” (Greer 1991) 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Ross Sadlier, Australian herpetologist who worked at the Australian Museum from 1979 to 2015. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • COUPER, PATRICK J.; CONRAD J. HOSKIN 2014. A new genus to accommodate three skinks currently assigned to Menetia (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Zootaxa 3884 (6): 597–599 - get paper here
  • Covacevich J.A., Couper, P.J., McDonald, K.R. 1998. Reptile diversity at risk in the Brigalow Belt, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42 (2): 475-486 - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1991. Two new species of Menetia from northeastern Queensland, with comments on the generic diagnoses of Lygisaurus and Menetia. Journal of Herpetology 25 (3): 268-272 - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 2001. Distribution of maximum snout-vent length among species of Scincid lizards. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 383-395 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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