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Python kyaiktiyo ZUG, GOTTE & JACOBS, 2011

IUCN Red List - Python kyaiktiyo - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaPythonidae, Henophidia, Pythonoidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Mon python 
SynonymPython kyaiktiyo ZUG, GOTTE & JACOBS 2011
Python kyaiktiyo — WALLACH et al. 2014: 619 
DistributionMyanmar (Mon)

Type locality: Myanmar, Mon State, in Kyaiktiyo Wildlife Sanctuary at Yetagon Myaung (17°26’38’’N, 97°05’58’’E; ca. 390 m elevation), approximately 5 km NE Kinmun.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 572046, an adult female, collected 11 Mar 2002 by Sai Wunna Kyi, Win Zaw Lhon, and Hla Naing. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A member of the Python curtus species group, differing from P. breitensteini and P. curtus by the presence of a subocular scale preventing eye- supralabial contact, and from P. breitensteini, P. brongersmai, and P. curtus by 180 or more ventral scales and by the presence of tan ocelli anteriorly in the trunk’s middorsal stripe. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet derives from the Kyaiktiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock) area. Pronunciation sounds like Jack-T-Yo. The specific epithet is proposed as a noun in apposition. Legend says that the balancing rock owes its stability to a strand of Buddha’s hair, which Buddha gave to the hermit Taik Tha during one of the Bodhisattva’s many visits to earth. The hair is enshrined in a miniature pagoda built on top of the balancing rock. 
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
  • Zug, George R.; Steve W. Gotte, and Jeremy F. Jacobs 2011. Pythons in Burma: Short-tailed python (Reptilia: Squamata). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124 (2): 112-136 - get paper here
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