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Ramphotyphlops acuticauda (PETERS, 1877)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Palau Island Blind Snake 
SynonymTyphlops acuticauda PETERS 1877
Typhlops acuticauda — BOULENGER 1893: 26
Ramphotyphlops acuticaudus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 56
Ramphotyphlops acuticaudus — WYNN et al. 2012
Ramphotyphlops acuticauda — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013
Ramphotyphlops acuticaudus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Ramphotyphlops acuticaudus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 625 
DistributionPalau Islands

Type locality: “Palaos” [= Palau Islands]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 9127 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle; Latin “cauda” = tail. The species name needs to be acuticauda, irrespective of the gender of the genus as “cauda” is a feminine noun in apposition, according to ICZN Article 34.2.1 which states that the gender of a noun in apposition must not be changed to agree in gender with the generic name, The Latin noun for tail is cauda and of female gender. For further explanations and examples see Böhme & Denzer (2019).
 
References
  • Böhme, W. & Denzer, W. 2019. Warum die Endungen adjektivischer Artnamen dem Geschlecht der Gattungsnamen angepasst werden müssen Sauria 41 (1): 55–62 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Crombie, Ronald I. and Gregory K. Pregill 1999. A Checklist of the Herpetofauna of the Palau Islands (Republic of Belau), Oceania. Herpetological Monographs 13: 29-80 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, W. 1878. Herpetologische Notizen. I. Uber die von Spix in Brasilien gesammelten Eidechsen des Königlichen NaturalienKabinets zu München. Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1877: 407-415 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2013. Early origin of viviparity and multiple reversions to oviparity in squamate reptiles. Ecology Letters 17 (1): 13–21 (published online 2013, in print 2014), DOI: 10.1111/ele.12168 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WYNN, ADDISON H.; ROBERT P. REYNOLDS, DONALD W. BUDEN, MARJORIE FALANRUW & BRIAN LYNCH 2012. The unexpected discovery of blind snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) in Micronesia: two new species of Ramphotyphlops from the Caroline Islands. Zootaxa 3172: 39–54 - get paper here
 
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