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Rhampholeon uluguruensis TILBURY & EMMRICH, 1996

IUCN Red List - Rhampholeon uluguruensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Uluguru pygmy chameleon 
SynonymRhampholeon uluguruensis TILBURY & EMMRICH 1996
Rhampholeon uluguruensis — NECAS 1999: 284
Rhampholeon (Rhinodigitum) uluguruensis — MATTHEE et al. 2004
Rhampholeon (Rhinodigitum) uluguruensis — TILBURY 2010: 199
Rhampholeon (Rhinodigitum) uluguruensis — GLAW 2015
Rhampholeon uluguruensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 255
Rhampholeon uluguruensis — MENEGON et al. 2022: 91 
DistributionTanzania (Uluguru Mts.)

Type locality: Bondwa Peak area (1650 m elevation), Uluguru Mountains, Morogoro District, Tanzania.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 48421; Paratypes: ZFMK 56669, adult male, NMZB. 
CommentMax. length 50 mm (smallest species of the genus). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • FISSEHA, MAKDA; JEAN MARIAUX, MICHELE MENEGON 2013. The “Rhampholeon uluguruensis complex” (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae) and the taxonomic status of the pygmy chameleons in Tanzania. Zootaxa 3746 (3): 439–453 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Hildenhagen, T. 2005. Zur Biologie und Verbreitung tansanischer Stummeschwanzchamäleons der neuen Untergattung Rhinodigitum MATTHEE, TILBURY & TOWNSEND 2004 mit Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Vemehrung. Elaphe 13 (4): 31-42
  • Mariaux, Jean and Colin R. Tilbury. 2006. The pygmy chameleons of the eastern Arc range (Tanzania): Evolutionary relationships and the description of three new species of Rhampholeon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). The Herpetological Journal 16 (3): 315-331 - get paper here
  • Matthee, C.; Tilbury, C.R. & Townsend, T. 2004. A phylogenetic review of the African leaf chameleons: genus Rhampholeon (Chamaeleonidae): the role of vicariance and climate change in speciation. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) B271: 1967-1975 - get paper here
  • Menegon, M., Lyakurwa, J. V., Loader, S. P., & Tolley, K. A. 2022. Cryptic diversity in pygmy chameleons (Chamaeleonidae: Rhampholeon) of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, with description of six new species. Acta Herpetologica, 17(2), 85-113 - get paper here
  • Menegon, M.; Salvidio, S. & Tilbury, C. 2002. A new dwarf chamaeleon from the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania, East Africa (Squamata: Rhampholeon Günther 1874). Journal of Herpetology 36 (1): 51-57 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury C R; Emmrich D 1996. A new dwarf forest chameleon (Squamata: Rhampholeon Gunther 1874) from Tanzania, East Africa with notes on its infrageneric and zoogeographic relationships. Tropical Zoology 9 (1): 61-71 - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
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